Facial reconstruction

Search LJMU Research Online

Browse Repository | Browse E-Theses

Multi-messenger Observations of a Binary Neutron Star Merger

Abbott, BP and Abbott, R and Abbott, TD and Acernese, F and Ackley, K and Adams, C and Adams, T and Addesso, P and Adhikari, RX and Adya, VB and Affeldt, C and Afrough, M and Agarwal, B and Agathos, M and Agatsuma, K and Aggarwal, N and Aguiar, OD and Aiello, L and Ain, A and Ajith, P and Allen, B and Allen, G and Allocca, A and Altin, PA and Amato, A and Ananyeva, A and Anderson, SB and Anderson, WG and Angelova, SV and Antier, S and Appert, S and Arai, K and Araya, MC and Areeda, JS and Arnaud, N and Arun, KG and Ascenzi, S and Ashton, G and Ast, M and Aston, SM and Astone, P and Atallah, DV and Aufmuth, P and Aulbert, C and AultONeal, K and Austin, C and Avila-Alvarez, A and Babak, S and Bacon, P and Bader, MKM and Bae, S and Baker, PT and Baldaccini, F and Ballardin, G and Ballmer, SW and Banagiri, S and Barayoga, JC and Barclay, SE and Barish, BC and Barker, D and Barkett, K and Barone, F and Barr, B and Barsotti, L and Barsuglia, M and Barta, D and Barthelmy, SD and Bartlett, J and Bartos, I and Bassiri, R and Basti, A and Batch, JC and Bawaj, M and Bayley, JC and Bazzan, M and Bécsy, B and Beer, C and Bejger, M and Belahcene, I and Bell, AS and Berger, BK and Bergmann, G and Bero, JJ and Berry, CPL and Bersanetti, D and Bertolini, A and Betzwieser, J and Bhagwat, S and Bhandare, R and Bilenko, IA and Billingsley, G and Billman, CR and Birch, J and Birney, R and Birnholtz, O and Biscans, S and Biscoveanu, S and Bisht, A and Bitossi, M and Biwer, C and Bizouard, MA and Blackburn, JK and Blackman, J and Blair, CD and Blair, DG and Blair, RM and Bloemen, S and Bock, O and Bode, N and Boer, M and Bogaert, G and Bohe, A and Bondu, F and Bonilla, E and Bonnand, R and Boom, BA and Bork, R and Boschi, V and Bose, S and Bossie, K and Bouffanais, Y and Bozzi, A and Bradaschia, C and Brady, PR and Branchesi, M and Brau, JE and Briant, T and Brillet, A and Brinkmann, M and Brisson, V and Brockill, P and Broida, JE and Brooks, AF and Brown, DA and Brown, DD and Brunett, S and Buchanan, CC and Buikema, A and Bulik, T and Bulten, HJ and Buonanno, A and Buskulic, D and Buy, C and Byer, RL and Cabero, M and Cadonati, L and Cagnoli, G and Cahillane, C and Bustillo, JC and Callister, TA and Calloni, E and Camp, JB and Canepa, M and Canizares, P and Cannon, KC and Cao, H and Cao, J and Capano, CD and Capocasa, E and Carbognani, F and Caride, S and Carney, MF and Diaz, JC and Casentini, C and Caudill, S and Cavaglià, M and Cavalier, F and Cavalieri, R and Cella, G and Cepeda, CB and Cerdá-Durán, P and Cerretani, G and Cesarini, E and Chamberlin, SJ and Chan, M and Chao, S and Charlton, P and Chase, E and Chassande-Mottin, E and Chatterjee, D and Chatziioannou, K and Cheeseboro, BD and Chen, HY and Chen, X and Chen, Y and Cheng, H-P and Chia, H and Chincarini, A and Chiummo, A and Chmiel, T and Cho, HS and Cho, M and Chow, JH and Christensen, N and Chu, Q and Chua, AJK and Chua, S and Chung, AKW and Chung, S and Ciani, G and Ciolfi, R and Cirelli, CE and Cirone, A and Clara, F and Clark, JA and Clearwater, P and Cleva, F and Cocchieri, C and Coccia, E and Cohadon, P-F and Cohen, D and Colla, A and Collette, CG and Cominsky, LR and Constancio, M and Conti, L and Cooper, SJ and Corban, P and Corbitt, TR and Cordero-Carrión, I and Corley, KR and Cornish, N and Corsi, A and Cortese, S and Costa, CA and Coughlin, MW and Coughlin, SB and Coulon, J-P and Countryman, ST and Couvares, P and Covas, PB and Cowan, EE and Coward, DM and Cowart, MJ and Coyne, DC and Coyne, R and Creighton, JDE and Creighton, TD and Cripe, J and Crowder, SG and Cullen, TJ and Cumming, A and Cunningham, L and Cuoco, E and Dal Canton, T and Dálya, G and Danilishin, SL and D’Antonio, S and Danzmann, K and Dasgupta, A and Da Silva Costa, CF and Dattilo, V and Dave, I and Davier, M and Davis, D and Daw, EJ and Day, B and De, S and DeBra, D and Degallaix, J and Laurentis, MD and Deléglise, S and Pozzo, WD and Demos, N and Denker, T and Dent, T and Pietri, RD and Dergachev, V and Rosa, RD and DeRosa, RT and Rossi, CD and DeSalvo, R and Varona, OD and Devenson, J and Dhurandhar, S and Díaz, MC and Fiore, LD and Giovanni, MD and Girolamo, TD and Lieto, AD and Pace, SD and Palma, ID and Renzo, FD and Doctor, Z and Dolique, V and Donovan, F and Dooley, KL and Doravari, S and Dorrington, I and Douglas, R and Álvarez, MD and Downes, TP and Drago, M and Dreissigacker, C and Driggers, JC and Du, Z and Ducrot, M and Dupej, P and Dwyer, SE and Edo, TB and Edwards, MC and Effler, A and Eggenstein, H-B and Ehrens, P and Eichholz, J and Eikenberry, SS and Eisenstein, RA and Essick, RC and Estevez, D and Etienne, ZB and Etzel, T and Evans, M and Evans, TM and Factourovich, M and Fafone, V and Fair, H and Fairhurst, S and Fan, X and Farinon, S and Farr, B and Farr, WM and Fauchon-Jones, EJ and Favata, M and Fays, M and Fee, C and Fehrmann, H and Feicht, J and Fejer, MM and Fernandez-Galiana, A and Ferrante, I and Ferreira, EC and Ferrini, F and Fidecaro, F and Finstad, D and Fiori, I and Fiorucci, D and Fishbach, M and Fisher, RP and Fitz-Axen, M and Flaminio, R and Fletcher, M and Fong, H and Font, JA and Forsyth, PWF and Forsyth, SS and Fournier, J-D and Frasca, S and Frasconi, F and Frei, Z and Freise, A and Frey, R and Frey, V and Fries, EM and Fritschel, P and Frolov, VV and Fulda, P and Fyffe, M and Gabbard, H and Gadre, BU and Gaebel, SM and Gair, JR and Gammaitoni, L and Ganija, MR and Gaonkar, SG and Garcia-Quiros, C and Garufi, F and Gateley, B and Gaudio, S and Gaur, G and Gayathri, V and Gehrels, N and Gemme, G and Genin, E and Gennai, A and George, D and George, J and Gergely, L and Germain, V and Ghonge, S and Ghosh, A and Ghosh, A and Ghosh, S and Giaime, JA and Giardina, KD and Giazotto, A and Gill, K and Glover, L and Goetz, E and Goetz, R and Gomes, S and Goncharov, B and González, G and Castro, JMG and Gopakumar, A and Gorodetsky, ML and Gossan, SE and Gosselin, M and Gouaty, R and Grado, A and Graef, C and Granata, M and Grant, A and Gras, S and Gray, C and Greco, G and Green, AC and Gretarsson, EM and Griswold, B and Groot, P and Grote, H and Grunewald, S and Gruning, P and Guidi, GM and Guo, X and Gupta, A and Gupta, MK and Gushwa, KE and Gustafson, EK and Gustafson, R and Halim, O and Hall, BR and Hall, ED and Hamilton, EZ and Hammond, G and Haney, M and Hanke, MM and Hanks, J and Hanna, C and Hannam, MD and Hannuksela, OA and Hanson, J and Hardwick, T and Harms, J and Harry, GM and Harry, IW and Hart, MJ and Haster, C-J and Haughian, K and Healy, J and Heidmann, A and Heintze, MC and Heitmann, H and Hello, P and Hemming, G and Hendry, M and Heng, IS and Hennig, J and Heptonstall, AW and Heurs, M and Hild, S and Hinderer, T and Hoak, D and Hofman, D and Holt, K and Holz, DE and Hopkins, P and Horst, C and Hough, J and Houston, EA and Howell, EJ and Hreibi, A and Hu, YM and Huerta, EA and Huet, D and Hughey, B and Husa, S and Huttner, SH and Huynh-Dinh, T and Indik, N and Inta, R and Intini, G and Isa, HN and Isac, J-M and Isi, M and Iyer, BR and Izumi, K and Jacqmin, T and Jani, K and Jaranowski, P and Jawahar, S and Jiménez-Forteza, F and Johnson, WW and Jones, DI and Jones, R and Jonker, RJG and Ju, L and Junker, J and Kalaghatgi, CV and Kalogera, V and Kamai, B and Kandhasamy, S and Kang, G and Kanner, JB and Kapadia, SJ and Karki, S and Karvinen, KS and Kasprzack, M and Katolik, M and Katsavounidis, E and Katzman, W and Kaufer, S and Kawabe, K and Kéfélian, F and Keitel, D and Kemball, AJ and Kennedy, R and Kent, C and Key, JS and Khalili, FY and Khan, I and Khan, S and Khan, Z and Khazanov, EA and Kijbunchoo, N and Kim, C and Kim, JC and Kim, K and Kim, W and Kim, WS and Kim, Y-M and Kimbrell, SJ and King, EJ and King, PJ and Kinley-Hanlon, M and Kirchhoff, R and Kissel, JS and Kleybolte, L and Klimenko, S and Knowles, TD and Koch, P and Koehlenbeck, SM and Koley, S and Kondrashov, V and Kontos, A and Korobko, M and Korth, WZ and Kowalska, I and Kozak, DB and Krämer, C and Kringel, V and Krishnan, B and Królak, A and Kuehn, G and Kumar, P and Kumar, R and Kumar, S and Kuo, L and Kutynia, A and Kwang, S and Lackey, BD and Lai, KH and Landry, M and Lang, RN and Lange, J and Lantz, B and Lanza, RK and Larson, SL and Lartaux-Vollard, A and Lasky, PD and Laxen, M and Lazzarini, A and Lazzaro, C and Leaci, P and Leavey, S and Lee, CH and Lee, HK and Lee, HM and Lee, HW and Lee, K and Lehmann, J and Lenon, A and Leonardi, M and Leroy, N and Letendre, N and Levin, Y and Li, TGF and Linker, SD and Littenberg, TB and Liu, J and Lo, RKL and Lockerbie, NA and London, LT and Lord, JE and Lorenzini, M and Loriette, V and Lormand, M and Losurdo, G and Lough, JD and Lousto, CO and Lovelace, G and Lück, H and Lumaca, D and Lundgren, AP and Lynch, R and Ma, Y and Macas, R and Macfoy, S and Machenschalk, B and MacInnis, M and Macleod, DM and Hernandez, IM and Magaña-Sandoval, F and Zertuche, LM and Magee, RM and Majorana, E and Maksimovic, I and Man, N and Mandic, V and Mangano, V and Mansell, GL and Manske, M and Mantovani, M and Marchesoni, F and Marion, F and Márka, S and Márka, Z and Markakis, C and Markosyan, AS and Markowitz, A and Maros, E and Marquina, A and Marsh, P and Martelli, F and Martellini, L and Martin, IW and Martin, RM and Martynov, DV and Mason, K and Massera, E and Masserot, A and Massinger, TJ and Masso-Reid, M and Mastrogiovanni, S and Matas, A and Matichard, F and Matone, L and Mavalvala, N and Mazumder, N and McCarthy, R and McClelland, DE and McCormick, S and McCuller, L and McGuire, SC and McIntyre, G and McIver, J and McManus, DJ and McNeill, L and McRae, T and McWilliams, ST and Meacher, D and Meadors, GD and Mehmet, M and Meidam, J and Mejuto-Villa, E and Melatos, A and Mendell, G and Mercer, RA and Merilh, EL and Merzougui, M and Meshkov, S and Messenger, C and Messick, C and Metzdorff, R and Meyers, PM and Miao, H and Michel, C and Middleton, H and Mikhailov, EE and Milano, L and Miller, AL and Miller, BB and Miller, J and Millhouse, M and Milovich-Goff, MC and Minazzoli, O and Minenkov, Y and Ming, J and Mishra, C and Mitra, S and Mitrofanov, VP and Mitselmakher, G and Mittleman, R and Moffa, D and Moggi, A and Mogushi, K and Mohan, M and Mohapatra, SRP and Montani, M and Moore, CJ and Moraru, D and Moreno, G and Morriss, SR and Mours, B and Mow-Lowry, CM and Mueller, G and Muir, AW and Mukherjee, A and Mukherjee, D and Mukherjee, S and Mukund, N and Mullavey, A and Munch, J and Muñiz, EA and Muratore, M and Murray, PG and Napier, K and Nardecchia, I and Naticchioni, L and Nayak, RK and Neilson, J and Nelemans, G and Nelson, TJN and Nery, M and Neunzert, A and Nevin, L and Newport, JM and Newton, G and Ng, KKY and Nguyen, P and Nguyen, TT and Nichols, D and Nielsen, AB and Nissanke, S and Nitz, A and Noack, A and Nocera, F and Nolting, D and North, C and Nuttall, LK and Oberling, J and O’Dea, GD and Ogin, GH and Oh, JJ and Oh, SH and Ohme, F and Okada, MA and Oliver, M and Oppermann, P and Oram, RJ and O’Reilly, B and Ormiston, R and Ortega, LF and O’Shaughnessy, R and Ossokine, S and Ottaway, DJ and Overmier, H and Owen, BJ and Pace, AE and Page, J and Page, MA and Pai, A and Pai, SA and Palamos, JR and Palashov, O and Palomba, C and Pal-Singh, A and Pan, H and Pan, H-W and Pang, B and Pang, PTH and Pankow, C and Pannarale, F and Pant, BC and Paoletti, F and Paoli, A and Papa, MA and Parida, A and Parker, W and Pascucci, D and Pasqualetti, A and Passaquieti, R and Passuello, D and Patil, M and Patricelli, B and Pearlstone, BL and Pedraza, M and Pedurand, R and Pekowsky, L and Pele, A and Penn, S and Perez, CJ and Perreca, A and Perri, LM and Pfeiffer, HP and Phelps, M and Piccinni, OJ and Pichot, M and Piergiovanni, F and Pierro, V and Pillant, G and Pinard, L and Pinto, IM and Pirello, M and Pitkin, M and Poe, M and Poggiani, R and Popolizio, P and Porter, EK and Post, A and Powell, J and Prasad, J and Pratt, JWW and Pratten, G and Predoi, V and Prestegard, T and Price, LR and Prijatelj, M and Principe, M and Privitera, S and Prodi, GA and Prokhorov, LG and Puncken, O and Punturo, M and Puppo, P and Pürrer, M and Qi, H and Quetschke, V and Quintero, EA and Quitzow-James, R and Raab, FJ and Rabeling, DS and Radkins, H and Raffai, P and Raja, S and Rajan, C and Rajbhandari, B and Rakhmanov, M and Ramirez, KE and Ramos-Buades, A and Rapagnani, P and Raymond, V and Razzano, M and Read, J and Regimbau, T and Rei, L and Reid, S and Reitze, DH and Ren, W and Reyes, SD and Ricci, F and Ricker, PM and Rieger, S and Riles, K and Rizzo, M and Robertson, NA and Robie, R and Robinet, F and Rocchi, A and Rolland, L and Rollins, JG and Roma, VJ and Romano, R and Romel, CL and Romie, JH and Rosińska, D and Ross, MP and Rowan, S and Rüdiger, A and Ruggi, P and Rutins, G and Ryan, K and Sachdev, S and Sadecki, T and Sadeghian, L and Sakellariadou, M and Salconi, L and Saleem, M and Salemi, F and Samajdar, A and Sammut, L and Sampson, LM and Sanchez, EJ and Sanchez, LE and Sanchis-Gual, N and Sandberg, V and Sanders, JR and Sassolas, B and Sathyaprakash, BS and Saulson, PR and Sauter, O and Savage, RL and Sawadsky, A and Schale, P and Scheel, M and Scheuer, J and Schmidt, J and Schmidt, P and Schnabel, R and Schofield, RMS and Schönbeck, A and Schreiber, E and Schuette, D and Schulte, BW and Schutz, BF and Schwalbe, SG and Scott, J and Scott, SM and Seidel, E and Sellers, D and Sengupta, AS and Sentenac, D and Sequino, V and Sergeev, A and Shaddock, DA and Shaffer, TJ and Shah, AA and Shahriar, MS and Shaner, MB and Shao, L and Shapiro, B and Shawhan, P and Sheperd, A and Shoemaker, DH and Shoemaker, DM and Siellez, K and Siemens, X and Sieniawska, M and Sigg, D and Silva, AD and Singer, LP and Singh, A and Singhal, A and Sintes, AM and Slagmolen, BJJ and Smith, B and Smith, JR and Smith, RJE and Somala, S and Son, EJ and Sonnenberg, JA and Sorazu, B and Sorrentino, F and Souradeep, T and Spencer, AP and Srivastava, AK and Staats, K and Staley, A and Steinke, M and Steinlechner, J and Steinlechner, S and Steinmeyer, D and Stevenson, SP and Stone, R and Stops, DJ and Strain, KA and Stratta, G and Strigin, SE and Strunk, A and Sturani, R and Stuver, AL and Summerscales, TZ and Sun, L and Sunil, S and Suresh, J and Sutton, PJ and Swinkels, BL and Szczepańczyk, MJ and Tacca, M and Tait, SC and Talbot, C and Talukder, D and Tanner, DB and Tápai, M and Taracchini, A and Tasson, JD and Taylor, JA and Taylor, R and Tewari, SV and Theeg, T and Thies, F and Thomas, EG and Thomas, M and Thomas, P and Thorne, KA and Thorne, KS and Thrane, E and Tiwari, S and Tiwari, V and Tokmakov, KV and Toland, K and Tonelli, M and Tornasi, Z and Torres-Forné, A and Torrie, CI and Töyrä, D and Travasso, F and Traylor, G and Trinastic, J and Tringali, MC and Trozzo, L and Tsang, KW and Tse, M and Tso, R and Tsukada, L and Tsuna, D and Tuyenbayev, D and Ueno, K and Ugolini, D and Unnikrishnan, CS and Urban, AL and Usman, SA and Vahlbruch, H and Vajente, G and Valdes, G and Bakel, NV and Beuzekom, MV and van den Brand, JFJ and Van Den Broeck, C and Vander-Hyde, DC and van der Schaaf, L and Heijningen, JVV and Veggel, AAV and Vardaro, M and Varma, V and Vass, S and Vasúth, M and Vecchio, A and Vedovato, G and Veitch, J and Veitch, PJ and Venkateswara, K and Venugopalan, G and Verkindt, D and Vetrano, F and Viceré, A and Viets, AD and Vinciguerra, S and Vine, DJ and Vinet, J-Y and Vitale, S and Vo, T and Vocca, H and Vorvick, C and Vyatchanin, SP and Wade, AR and Wade, LE and Wade, M and Walet, R and Walker, M and Wallace, L and Walsh, S and Wang, G and Wang, H and Wang, JZ and Wang, WH and Wang, YF and Ward, RL and Warner, J and Was, M and Watchi, J and Weaver, B and Wei, L-W and Weinert, M and Weinstein, AJ and Weiss, R and Wen, L and Wessel, EK and Wessels, P and Westerweck, J and Westphal, T and Wette, K and Whelan, JT and Whitcomb, SE and Whiting, BF and Whittle, C and Wilken, D and Williams, D and Williams, RD and Williamson, AR and Willis, JL and Willke, B and Wimmer, MH and Winkler, W and Wipf, CC and Wittel, H and Woan, G and Woehler, J and Wofford, J and Wong, KWK and Worden, J and Wright, JL and Wu, DS and Wysocki, DM and Xiao, S and Yamamoto, H and Yancey, CC and Yang, L and Yap, MJ and Yazback, M and Yu, H and Yu, H and Yvert, M and Zadrożny, A and Zanolin, M and Zelenova, T and Zendri, J-P and Zevin, M and Zhang, L and Zhang, M and Zhang, T and Zhang, Y-H and Zhao, C and Zhou, M and Zhou, Z and Zhu, SJ and Zhu, XJ and Zimmerman, AB and Zucker, ME and Zweizig, J and Wilson-Hodge, CA and Bissaldi, E and Blackburn, L and Briggs, MS and Burns, E and Cleveland, WH and Connaughton, V and Gibby, MH and Giles, MM and Goldstein, A and Hamburg, R and Jenke, P and Hui, CM and Kippen, RM and Kocevski, D and McBreen, S and Meegan, CA and Paciesas, WS and Poolakkil, S and Preece, RD and Racusin, J and Roberts, OJ and Stanbro, M and Veres, P and von Kienlin, A and Savchenko, V and Ferrigno, C and Kuulkers, E and Bazzano, A and Bozzo, E and Brandt, S and Chenevez, J and Courvoisier, TJ-L and Diehl, R and Domingo, A and Hanlon, L and Jourdain, E and Laurent, P and Lebrun, F and Lutovinov, A and Martin-Carrillo, A and Mereghetti, S and Natalucci, L and Rodi, J and Roques, J-P and Sunyaev, R and Ubertini, P and Aartsen, MG and Ackermann, M and Adams, J and Aguilar, JA and Ahlers, M and Ahrens, M and Samarai, IA and Altmann, D and Andeen, K and Anderson, T and Ansseau, I and Anton, G and Argüelles, C and Auffenberg, J and Axani, S and Bagherpour, H and Bai, X and Barron, JP and Barwick, SW and Baum, V and Bay, R and Beatty, JJ and Tjus, JB and Bernardini, E and Besson, DZ and Binder, G and Bindig, D and Blaufuss, E and Blot, S and Bohm, C and Börner, M and Bos, F and Bose, D and Böser, S and Botner, O and Bourbeau, E and Bourbeau, J and Bradascio, F and Braun, J and Brayeur, L and Brenzke, M and Bretz, H-P and Bron, S and Brostean-Kaiser, J and Burgman, A and Carver, T and Casey, J and Casier, M and Cheung, E and Chirkin, D and Christov, A and Clark, K and Classen, L and Coenders, S and Collin, GH and Conrad, JM and Cowen, DF and Cross, R and Day, M and André, JPAMD and Clercq, CD and DeLaunay, JJ and Dembinski, H and Ridder, SD and Desiati, P and Vries, KDD and Wasseige, GD and With, MD and DeYoung, T and Díaz-Vélez, JC and Lorenzo, VD and Dujmovic, H and Dumm, JP and Dunkman, M and Dvorak, E and Eberhardt, B and Ehrhardt, T and Eichmann, B and Eller, P and Evenson, PA and Fahey, S and Fazely, AR and Felde, J and Filimonov, K and Finley, C and Flis, S and Franckowiak, A and Friedman, E and Fuchs, T and Gaisser, TK and Gallagher, J and Gerhardt, L and Ghorbani, K and Giang, W and Glauch, T and Glüsenkamp, T and Goldschmidt, A and Gonzalez, JG and Grant, D and Griffith, Z and Haack, C and Hallgren, A and Halzen, F and Hanson, K and Hebecker, D and Heereman, D and Helbing, K and Hellauer, R and Hickford, S and Hignight, J and Hill, GC and Hoffman, KD and Hoffmann, R and Hokanson-Fasig, B and Hoshina, K and Huang, F and Huber, M and Hultqvist, K and Hünnefeld, M and In, S and Ishihara, A and Jacobi, E and Japaridze, GS and Jeong, M and Jero, K and Jones, BJP and Kalaczynski, P and Kang, W and Kappes, A and Karg, T and Karle, A and Keivani, A and Kelley, JL and Kheirandish, A and Kim, J and Kim, M and Kintscher, T and Kiryluk, J and Kittler, T and Klein, SR and Kohnen, G and Koirala, R and Kolanoski, H and Köpke, L and Kopper, C and Kopper, S and Koschinsky, JP and Koskinen, DJ and Kowalski, M and Krings, K and Kroll, M and Krückl, G and Kunnen, J and Kunwar, S and Kurahashi, N and Kuwabara, T and Kyriacou, A and Labare, M and Lanfranchi, JL and Larson, MJ and Lauber, F and Lesiak-Bzdak, M and Leuermann, M and Liu, QR and Lu, L and Lünemann, J and Luszczak, W and Madsen, J and Maggi, G and Mahn, KBM and Mancina, S and Maruyama, R and Mase, K and Maunu, R and McNally, F and Meagher, K and Medici, M and Meier, M and Menne, T and Merino, G and Meures, T and Miarecki, S and Micallef, J and Momenté, G and Montaruli, T and Moore, RW and Moulai, M and Nahnhauer, R and Nakarmi, P and Naumann, U and Neer, G and Niederhausen, H and Nowicki, SC and Nygren, DR and Pollmann, AO and Olivas, A and O’Murchadha, A and Palczewski, T and Pandya, H and Pankova, DV and Peiffer, P and Pepper, JA and Pérez de los Heros, C and Pieloth, D and Pinat, E and Price, PB and Przybylski, GT and Raab, C and Rädel, L and Rameez, M and Rawlins, K and Rea, IC and Reimann, R and Relethford, B and Relich, M and Resconi, E and Rhode, W and Richman, M and Robertson, S and Rongen, M and Rott, C and Ruhe, T and Ryckbosch, D and Rysewyk, D and Sälzer, T and Herrera, SES and Sandrock, A and Sandroos, J and Santander, M and Sarkar, S and Sarkar, S and Satalecka, K and Schlunder, P and Schmidt, T and Schneider, A and Schoenen, S and Schöneberg, S and Schumacher, L and Seckel, D and Seunarine, S and Soedingrekso, J and Soldin, D and Song, M and Spiczak, GM and Spiering, C and Stachurska, J and Stamatikos, M and Stanev, T and Stasik, A and Stettner, J and Steuer, A and Stezelberger, T and Stokstad, RG and Stössl, A and Strotjohann, NL and Stuttard, T and Sullivan, GW and Sutherland, M and Taboada, I and Tatar, J and Tenholt, F and Ter-Antonyan, S and Terliuk, A and Tešić, G and Tilav, S and Toale, PA and Tobin, MN and Toscano, S and Tosi, D and Tselengidou, M and Tung, CF and Turcati, A and Turley, CF and Ty, B and Unger, E and Usner, M and Vandenbroucke, J and Driessche, WV and Eijndhoven, NV and Vanheule, S and Santen, JV and Vehring, M and Vogel, E and Vraeghe, M and Walck, C and Wallace, A and Wallraff, M and Wandler, FD and Wandkowsky, N and Waza, A and Weaver, C and Weiss, MJ and Wendt, C and Werthebach, J and Whelan, BJ and Wiebe, K and Wiebusch, CH and Wille, L and Williams, DR and Wills, L and Wolf, M and Wood, TR and Woolsey, E and Woschnagg, K and Xu, DL and Xu, XW and Xu, Y and Yanez, JP and Yodh, G and Yoshida, S and Yuan, T and Zoll, M and Balasubramanian, A and Mate, S and Bhalerao, V and Bhattacharya, D and Vibhute, A and Dewangan, GC and Rao, AR and Vadawale, SV and Svinkin, DS and Hurley, K and Aptekar, RL and Frederiks, DD and Golenetskii, SV and Kozlova, AV and Lysenko, AL and Oleynik, PP and Tsvetkova, AE and Ulanov, MV and Cline, T and Li, TP and Xiong, SL and Zhang, SN and Lu, FJ and Song, LM and Cao, XL and Chang, Z and Chen, G and Chen, L and Chen, TX and Chen, Y and Chen, YB and Chen, YP and Cui, W and Cui, WW and Deng, JK and Dong, YW and Du, YY and Fu, MX and Gao, GH and Gao, H and Gao, M and Ge, MY and Gu, YD and Guan, J and Guo, CC and Han, DW and Hu, W and Huang, Y and Huo, J and Jia, SM and Jiang, LH and Jiang, WC and Jin, J and Jin, YJ and Li, B and Li, CK and Li, G and Li, MS and Li, W and Li, X and Li, XB and Li, XF and Li, YG and Li, ZJ and Li, ZW and Liang, XH and Liao, JY and Liu, CZ and Liu, GQ and Liu, HW and Liu, SZ and Liu, XJ and Liu, Y and Liu, YN and Lu, B and Lu, XF and Luo, T and Ma, X and Meng, B and Nang, Y and Nie, JY and Ou, G and Qu, JL and Sai, N and Sun, L and Tan, Y and Tao, L and Tao, WH and Tuo, YL and Wang, GF and Wang, HY and Wang, J and Wang, WS and Wang, YS and Wen, XY and Wu, BB and Wu, M and Xiao, GC and Xu, H and Xu, YP and Yan, LL and Yang, JW and Yang, S and Yang, YJ and Zhang, AM and Zhang, CL and Zhang, CM and Zhang, F and Zhang, HM and Zhang, J and Zhang, Q and Zhang, S and Zhang, T and Zhang, W and Zhang, WC and Zhang, WZ and Zhang, Y and Zhang, Y and Zhang, YF and Zhang, YJ and Zhang, Z and Zhang, ZL and Zhao, HS and Zhao, JL and Zhao, XF and Zheng, SJ and Zhu, Y and Zhu, YX and Zou, CL and Albert, A and André, M and Anghinolfi, M and Ardid, M and Aubert, J-J and Aublin, J and Avgitas, T and Baret, B and Barrios-Martí, J and Basa, S and Belhorma, B and Bertin, V and Biagi, S and Bormuth, R and Bourret, S and Bouwhuis, MC and Brânzaş, H and Bruijn, R and Brunner, J and Busto, J and Capone, A and Caramete, L and Carr, J and Celli, S and Cherkaoui El Moursli, R and Chiarusi, T and Circella, M and Coelho, JAB and Coleiro, A and Coniglione, R and Costantini, H and Coyle, P and Creusot, A and Díaz, AF and Deschamps, A and Bonis, GD and Distefano, C and Palma, ID and Domi, A and Donzaud, C and Dornic, D and Drouhin, D and Eberl, T and El Bojaddaini, I and El Khayati, N and Elsässer, D and Enzenhöfer, A and Ettahiri, A and Fassi, F and Felis, I and Fusco, LA and Gay, P and Giordano, V and Glotin, H and Grégoire, T and Ruiz, RG and Graf, K and Hallmann, S and Haren, HV and Heijboer, AJ and Hello, Y and Hernández-Rey, JJ and Hössl, J and Hofestädt, J and Hugon, C and Illuminati, G and James, CW and Jong, MD and Jongen, M and Kadler, M and Kalekin, O and Katz, U and Kiessling, D and Kouchner, A and Kreter, M and Kreykenbohm, I and Kulikovskiy, V and Lachaud, C and Lahmann, R and Lefèvre, D and Leonora, E and Lotze, M and Loucatos, S and Marcelin, M and Margiotta, A and Marinelli, A and Martínez-Mora, JA and Mele, R and Melis, K and Michael, T and Migliozzi, P and Moussa, A and Navas, S and Nezri, E and Organokov, M and Păvălaş, GE and Pellegrino, C and Perrina, C and Piattelli, P and Popa, V and Pradier, T and Quinn, L and Racca, C and Riccobene, G and Sánchez-Losa, A and Saldaña, M and Salvadori, I and Samtleben, DFE and Sanguineti, M and Sapienza, P and Sieger, C and Spurio, M and Stolarczyk, T and Taiuti, M and Tayalati, Y and Trovato, A and Turpin, D and Tönnis, C and Vallage, B and Elewyck, VV and Versari, F and Vivolo, D and Vizzoca, A and Wilms, J and Zornoza, JD and Zúñiga, J and Beardmore, AP and Breeveld, AA and Burrows, DN and Cenko, SB and Cusumano, G and D’Aì, A and de Pasquale, M and Emery, SWK and Evans, PA and Giommi, P and Gronwall, C and Kennea, JA and Krimm, HA and Kuin, NPM and Lien, A and Marshall, FE and Melandri, A and Nousek, JA and Oates, SR and Osborne, JP and Pagani, C and Page, KL and Palmer, DM and Perri, M and Siegel, MH and Sbarufatti, B and Tagliaferri, G and Tohuvavohu, A and Tavani, M and Verrecchia, F and Bulgarelli, A and Evangelista, Y and Pacciani, L and Feroci, M and Pittori, C and Giuliani, A and Monte, ED and Donnarumma, I and Argan, A and Trois, A and Ursi, A and Cardillo, M and Piano, G and Longo, F and Lucarelli, F and Munar-Adrover, P and Fuschino, F and Labanti, C and Marisaldi, M and Minervini, G and Fioretti, V and Parmiggiani, N and Gianotti, F and Trifoglio, M and Persio, GD and Antonelli, LA and Barbiellini, G and Caraveo, P and Cattaneo, PW and Costa, E and Colafrancesco, S and D’Amico, F and Ferrari, A and Morselli, A and Paoletti, F and Picozza, P and Pilia, M and Rappoldi, A and Soffitta, P and Vercellone, S and Foley, RJ and Coulter, DA and Kilpatrick, CD and Drout, MR and Piro, AL and Shappee, BJ and Siebert, MR and Simon, JD and Ulloa, N and Kasen, D and Madore, BF and Murguia-Berthier, A and Pan, Y-C and Prochaska, JX and Ramirez-Ruiz, E and Rest, A and Rojas-Bravo, C and Berger, E and Soares-Santos, M and Annis, J and Alexander, KD and Allam, S and Balbinot, E and Blanchard, P and Brout, D and Butler, RE and Chornock, R and Cook, ER and Cowperthwaite, P and Diehl, HT and Drlica-Wagner, A and Drout, MR and Durret, F and Eftekhari, T and Finley, DA and Fong, W and Frieman, JA and Fryer, CL and García-Bellido, J and Gruendl, RA and Hartley, W and Herner, K and Kessler, R and Lin, H and Lopes, PAA and Lourenço, ACC and Margutti, R and Marshall, JL and Matheson, T and Medina, GE and Metzger, BD and Muñoz, RR and Muir, J and Nicholl, M and Nugent, P and Palmese, A and Paz-Chinchón, F and Quataert, E and Sako, M and Sauseda, M and Schlegel, DJ and Scolnic, D and Secco, LF and Smith, N and Sobreira, F and Villar, VA and Vivas, AK and Wester, W and Williams, PKG and Yanny, B and Zenteno, A and Zhang, Y and Abbott, TMC and Banerji, M and Bechtol, K and Benoit-Lévy, A and Bertin, E and Brooks, D and Buckley-Geer, E and Burke, DL and Capozzi, D and Rosell, AC and Kind, MC and Castander, FJ and Crocce, M and Cunha, CE and D’Andrea, CB and da Costa, LN and Davis, C and DePoy, DL and Desai, S and Dietrich, JP and Eifler, TF and Fernandez, E and Flaugher, B and Fosalba, P and Gaztanaga, E and Gerdes, DW and Giannantonio, T and Goldstein, DA and Gruen, D and Gschwend, J and Gutierrez, G and Honscheid, K and James, DJ and Jeltema, T and Johnson, MWG and Johnson, MD and Kent, S and Krause, E and Kron, R and Kuehn, K and Lahav, O and Lima, M and Maia, MAG and March, M and Martini, P and McMahon, RG and Menanteau, F and Miller, CJ and Miquel, R and Mohr, JJ and Nichol, RC and Ogando, RLC and Plazas, AA and Romer, AK and Roodman, A and Rykoff, ES and Sanchez, E and Scarpine, V and Schindler, R and Schubnell, M and Sevilla-Noarbe, I and Sheldon, E and Smith, M and Smith, RC and Stebbins, A and Suchyta, E and Swanson, MEC and Tarle, G and Thomas, RC and Troxel, MA and Tucker, DL and Vikram, V and Walker, AR and Wechsler, RH and Weller, J and Carlin, JL and Gill, MSS and Li, TS and Marriner, J and Neilsen, E and Haislip, JB and Kouprianov, VV and Reichart, DE and Sand, DJ and Tartaglia, L and Valenti, S and Yang, S and Benetti, S and Brocato, E and Campana, S and Cappellaro, E and Covino, S and D’Avanzo, P and D’Elia, V and Getman, F and Ghirlanda, G and Ghisellini, G and Limatola, L and Nicastro, L and Palazzi, E and Pian, E and Piranomonte, S and Possenti, A and Rossi, A and Salafia, OS and Tomasella, L and Amati, L and Antonelli, LA and Bernardini, MG and Bufano, F and Capaccioli, M and Casella, P and Dadina, M and Cesare, GD and Paola, AD and Giuffrida, G and Giunta, A and Israel, GL and Lisi, M and Maiorano, E and Mapelli, M and Masetti, N and Pescalli, A and Pulone, L and Salvaterra, R and Schipani, P and Spera, M and Stamerra, A and Stella, L and Testa, V and Turatto, M and Vergani, D and Aresu, G and Bachetti, M and Buffa, F and Burgay, M and Buttu, M and Caria, T and Carretti, E and Casasola, V and Castangia, P and Carboni, G and Casu, S and Concu, R and Corongiu, A and Deiana, GL and Egron, E and Fara, A and Gaudiomonte, F and Gusai, V and Ladu, A and Loru, S and Leurini, S and Marongiu, L and Melis, A and Melis, G and Migoni, C and Milia, S and Navarrini, A and Orlati, A and Ortu, P and Palmas, S and Pellizzoni, A and Perrodin, D and Pisanu, T and Poppi, S and Righini, S and Saba, A and Kobayashi, S and Mazzali, PA (2017) Multi-messenger Observations of a Binary Neutron Star Merger. The Astrophysical Journal, 848 (2). ISSN 1538-4357

[img]
Preview
Text
Multi-messenger Observations of a Binary Neutron Star Merger.pdf - Published Version

Download (3MB) | Preview

Abstract

On 2017 August 17 a binary neutron star coalescence candidate (later designated GW170817) with merger time 12:41:04 UTC was observed through gravitational waves by the Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo detectors. The Fermi Gamma-ray Burst Monitor independently detected a gamma-ray burst (GRB 170817A) with a time delay of $\sim 1.7\,{\rm{s}}$ with respect to the merger time. From the gravitational-wave signal, the source was initially localized to a sky region of 31 deg2 at a luminosity distance of ${40}_{-8}^{+8}$ Mpc and with component masses consistent with neutron stars. The component masses were later measured to be in the range 0.86 to 2.26 $\,{M}_{\odot }$. An extensive observing campaign was launched across the electromagnetic spectrum leading to the discovery of a bright optical transient (SSS17a, now with the IAU identification of AT 2017gfo) in NGC 4993 (at $\sim 40\,{\rm{Mpc}}$) less than 11 hours after the merger by the One-Meter, Two Hemisphere (1M2H) team using the 1 m Swope Telescope. The optical transient was independently detected by multiple teams within an hour. Subsequent observations targeted the object and its environment. Early ultraviolet observations revealed a blue transient that faded within 48 hours. Optical and infrared observations showed a redward evolution over ~10 days. Following early non-detections, X-ray and radio emission were discovered at the transient's position $\sim 9$ and $\sim 16$ days, respectively, after the merger. Both the X-ray and radio emission likely arise from a physical process that is distinct from the one that generates the UV/optical/near-infrared emission. No ultra-high-energy gamma-rays and no neutrino candidates consistent with the source were found in follow-up searches. These observations support the hypothesis that GW170817 was produced by the merger of two neutron stars in NGC 4993 followed by a short gamma-ray burst (GRB 170817A) and a kilonova/macronova powered by the radioactive decay of r-process nuclei synthesized in the ejecta.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0201 Astronomical And Space Sciences
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: American Astronomical Society
Date Deposited: 21 Nov 2017 10:29
Last Modified: 21 Nov 2017 10:29
DOI or Identification number: 10.3847/2041-8213/aa91c9
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/7570

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item