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The development and evaluation of antibacterial polymer-phyllosilicate composite systems for the treatment of infected wounds

Hamilton, AR (2017) The development and evaluation of antibacterial polymer-phyllosilicate composite systems for the treatment of infected wounds. Doctoral thesis, Liverpool John Moores University.

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Abstract

Clays and clay minerals (phyllosilicates) have been used for millennia to treat a range of human maladies, such as infected wounds and diseases of the skin. The unique chemistry of phyllosilicates allows them to support the wound environment and encourage healing. Their physicochemical properties can also be utilised to develop modified drug-release formulations and also enables their incorporation into polymer matrices for the development of advanced wound care materials. By developing novel antibacterial phyllosilicate-polymer composite materials it should be possible to support wound healing, whilst simultaneously treating infections locally to avoid systemic adverse effects and prevent the development of antimicrobial resistance. In this research project the clay minerals kaolin (KN), refined montmorillonite (rMMT), montmorilonite K10 (MMTK10), Laponite® RD (LRD), and Laponite® XL21 (LXL21) were investigated for their differing structure and physicochemical properties. Their ability to adsorb and desorb the antibacterial agents tetracycline (TC), doxycycline (DC) and ciprofloxacin (CIP) was determined through a series of adsorption kinetics and isotherm studies. LRD and LXL21 were shown to have the highest drug-carrying capacity and were also able to relinquish this drug-load to inhibit the proliferation of key wound pathogens; Staphylococcus epidermidis, Propionibacterium acnes, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. XRD and FTIR analyses demonstrated that these drug molecules could be adsorbed into the interlayer space and edge groups of the Laponite® particles. LXL21-CIP composites were successfully incorporated into alginate polymer matrices through interaction of the exposed edge-groups on LXL21 and the hydroxyl groups of the alginate to produce novel nanocomposite film and foam materials. Selection of candidate materials was initially undertaken qualitatively with the support of a tissue viability nurse at the Royal Liverpool and Broadgreen University Hospitals NHS Trust. Important properties for wound-dressings such as adsorptive capacity, water vapour transmission rate, and keratinocyte compatibility were measured quantitatively and compared to materials already used for wound care in the UK. Both the film and foam materials were shown to have properties that would be beneficial for wound healing and were also able to release CIP in a controlled manner with notable activity against S. epidermidis, P. acnes, and P. aeruginosa. The nanocomposite film formulation developed in this research project showed promise for future clinical applications and future work should be undertaken to further optimise their manufacture and fully characterise their ability to support the healing of infected wounds. Although the nanocomposite foams require further research, the work presented in this thesis suggests they could also be promising materials for wound care applications.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Uncontrolled Keywords: clay mineral; phyllosilicate; antibiotics; wound care; infected wounds; polymer
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Divisions: Pharmacy & Biomolecular Sciences
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2017 11:49
Last Modified: 21 Dec 2017 11:49
DOI or Identification number: 10.24377/LJMU.t.00007684
Supervisors: Gaskell, E, Roberts, M and Hutcheon, G
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/7684

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