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A phylogenetic classification of the world’s tropical forests

Ferry Slik, JW, Franklin, J, Arroyo-Rodriguez, V, Field, R, Aguilar, S, Aguirre, N, Ahumada, J, Aiba, SI, Alves, LF, Anitha, K, Avella, A, Ardila, F, Aymard, GA, Báez, S, Balvanera, P, Bastian, ML, Bastin, J, Bellingham, P, van den Berg, E, da Conceição Bispo, P , Boeckx, P, Boehning-Gaese, K, Bongers, F, Boyle, B, Brambach, F, Brearley, FQ, Brown, S, Chai, SL, Chazdon, RL, Chen, S, Chhang, P, Chuyong, G, Corneille, E, Coronado, IM, Cristóbal-Azkarate, J, Culmsee, H, Damas, K, Dattaraja, HS, Davidar, P, DeWalt, SJ, Din, H, Drake, DR, Duque, A, Durigan, G, Eichhorn, K, Eler, E, Enoki, T, Ensslin, A, Fandohan, AB, Farwig, N, Feeley, KJ, Fischer, M, Forshed, O, Garcia, Q, Garkoti, SC, Gillespie, TW, Gillet, JF, Gonmadje, C, Granzow-de la Cerda, I, Griffith, DM, Grogan, J, Hakeem, KR, Harris, DJ, Harrison, RD, Hector, A, Hemp, A, Homeier, J, Hussain, MS, Ibarra-Manríquez, G, Ibrahim, FH, Imai, N, Jansen, PA, Joseph, S, Kartawinata, K, Kearsley, E, Kelly, D, Kessler, M, Killeen, TJ, Kooyman, R, Laumonier, Y, Laurance, S, Laurance, W, Lawes, MJ, Letcher, S, Lindsell, J, Lovett, J, Lozada, J, Lu, X, Lykke, AM, Mahmud, KB, Mahayani, NPD, Mansor, A, Marshall, AR, Martin, EH, Matos, DCL, Meave, JA, Melo, FPL, Mendoza, ZHA, Metali, F, Metjibe, V, Metzger, JP, Metzker, T, Mohandass, D, Munguía-Rosas, MA, Muñoz, R, Nurtjahya, E, de Oliveira, EL, Onrizal, , Parolin, P, Parren, M, Parthasarathy, N, Paudel, E, Perez, R, Pérez-García, EA, Pommer, U, Poorter, L, Piedade, MTF, Pinto, JRR, Poulsen, AD, Poulsen, J, Powers, JS, Prasad, RC, Puyravaud, JP, Qie, L, Rangel, O, Reitsma, J, Rocha, DB, Rolim, S, Rovero, F, Rozak, A, Ruokolainen, K, Rutishauser, E, Rutten, G, Said, MNM, Saiter, FZ, Saner, P, Santos, B, dos Santos, JR, Sarker, SK, Schmitt, CB, Schoegart, J, Schulze, M, Sheil, D, Souza, AF, Spironello, WR, Sposito, T, Steinmetz, R, Stevart, T, Suganuma, MS, Sukri, R, Sultana, A, Sukumar, R, Sunderland, T, Supriyadi, , Suresh, HS, Suzuki, E, Tabarelli, M, Tang, J, Tanner, EVJ, Targhetta, N, Theilade, I, Thomas, D, Timberlake, J, Valeriano, M, van Valkenburg, J, Van Do, T, Van Hoang, S, Vandermeer, JH, Verbeeck, H, Vetaas, OR, Adekunle, V, Vieira, SA, Webb, C, Webb, E, Whitfeld, T, Wich, SA, Williams, J, Wiser, S, Wittmann, F, Yang, X, Yao, CYA, Yap, S, Zahawi, RA, Zakaria, R and Zang, R A phylogenetic classification of the world’s tropical forests. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. ISSN 1091-6490 (Accepted)

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Abstract

Knowledge about the biogeographic affinities of the world’s tropical forests helps to better understand regional differences in forest structure, diversity, composition and dynamics. Such understanding will enable anticipation of region specific responses to global environmental change. Modern phylogenies, in combination with broad coverage of species inventory data, now allow for global biogeographic analyses that take species evolutionary distance into account. Here we present the first classification of the world’s tropical forests based on their phylogenetic similarity. We identify five principal floristic regions and their floristic relationships: (1) Indo-Pacific, (2) Subtropical, (3) African, (4) American, and (5) Dry forests. Our results do not support the traditional Neo- versus Palaeo-tropical forest division, but instead separate the combined American and African forests from their Indo-Pacific counterparts. We also find indications for the existence of a global dry forest region, with representatives in America, Africa, Madagascar and India. Additionally, a northern hemisphere Subtropical forest region was identified with representatives in Asia and America, providing support for a link between Asian and American northern hemisphere forests.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: MD Multidisciplinary
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Q Science > QH Natural history
Q Science > QK Botany
Divisions: Natural Sciences and Psychology
Publisher: National Academy of Sciences
Date Deposited: 17 Jan 2018 12:14
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2018 12:14
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/7799

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