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The impact of contextual information and a secondary task on anticipation performance: An interpretation using cognitive load theory

Runswick, OR, Roca, A, Mark Williams, A, Bezodis, NE, McRobert, AP and North, JS (2018) The impact of contextual information and a secondary task on anticipation performance: An interpretation using cognitive load theory. Applied Cognitive Psychology. ISSN 1099-0720

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Abstract

When performing under severe time constraints, sports performers use kinematic and contextual information to facilitate anticipation. We examined the relative importance of these two information sources and their impact on cognitive load and anticipation performance. Cognitive load theory predicts that adding more information sources to a task will increase cognitive load in less-skilled but not skilled performers. Skilled and less-skilled cricket batters anticipated deliveries from bowlers on a life-size screen under 4 conditions that manipulated access to contextual information and included a secondary task. The presence of context enhanced anticipation accuracy for both skilled and less-skilled groups, without affecting cognitive load. Skilled performers used sequencing and game-related contextual information in addition to kinematic information to facilitate anticipation, whereas both groups reported using information pertaining to opponent positioning. Findings highlight the importance of context in anticipation and suggest that the addition of context may not necessarily negatively impact cognitive load.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the accepted version of the following article: Runswick OR, Roca A, Mark Williams A, Bezodis NE, Mcrobert AP, North JS. The impact of contextual information and a secondary task on anticipation performance: An interpretation using cognitive load theory. Appl Cognit Psychol. 2018;1–9. which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/acp.3386
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1701 Psychology, 1702 Cognitive Science, 1505 Marketing
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure > GV561 Sports
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: Wiley: 12 months
Date Deposited: 08 Feb 2018 11:14
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2018 11:14
DOI or Identification number: 10.1002/acp.3386
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/7971

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