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ATLASGAL - towards a complete sample of massive star forming clumps

Urquhart, JS, Moore, TJT, Csengeri, T, Wyrowski, F, Schuller, F, Hoare, MG, Lumsden, SL, Mottram, JC, Thompson, MA, Menten, KM, Walmsley, CM, Bronfman, L, Pfalzner, S, Koenig, C and Wienen, M (2014) ATLASGAL - towards a complete sample of massive star forming clumps. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 443 (2). pp. 1555-1586. ISSN 0035-8711

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Abstract

By matching infrared-selected, massive young stellar objects (MYSOs) and compact HII regions in the Red MSX Source survey to massive clumps found in the submillimetre ATLASGAL (APEX Telescope Large Area Survey of the Galaxy) survey, we have identified ~1000 embedded young massive stars between 280 {ring operator} < l < 350 {ring operator} and 10 {ring operator} < l < 60 {ring operator} with | b | < 1 {ring operator} . 5. Combined with an existing sample of radio-selected methanol masers and compact HII regions, the result is a catalogue of ~1700 massive stars embedded within ~1300 clumps located across the inner Galaxy, containing three observationally distinct subsamples, methanol-maser, MYSO and HII-region associations, covering the most important tracers of massive star formation, thought to represent key stages of evolution. We find that massive star formation is strongly correlated with the regions of highest column density in spherical, centrally condensed clumps. We find no significant differences between the three samples in clump structure or the relative location of the embedded stars, which suggests that the structure of a clump is set before the onset of star formation, and changes little as the embedded object evolves towards the main sequence. There is a strong linear correlation between clump mass and bolometric luminosity, with the most massive stars forming in the most massive clumps. We find that the MYSO and HII-region subsamples are likely to cover a similar range of evolutionary stages and that the majority are near the end of their main accretion phase. We find few infrared-bright MYSOs associated with the most massive clumps, probably due to very short pre-main-sequence lifetimes in the most luminous sources. © 2014 The Authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0201 Astronomical And Space Sciences
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2018 11:15
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2018 22:53
DOI or Identification number: 0035-8711
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/8225

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