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A surge of light at the birth of a supernova.

Bersten, MC, Folatelli, G, García, F, Van Dyk, SD, Benvenuto, OG, Orellana, M, Buso, V, Sánchez, JL, Tanaka, M, Maeda, K, Filippenko, AV, Zheng, W, Brink, TG, Cenko, SB, de Jaeger, T, Kumar, S, Moriya, TJ, Nomoto, K, Perley, DA, Shivvers, I and Smith, N (2018) A surge of light at the birth of a supernova. Nature, 554 (7693). pp. 497-499. ISSN 0028-0836

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A surge of light at the birth of a supernova.pdf - Accepted Version

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Open Access URL: https://arxiv.org/pdf/1802.09360 (Accepted version)

Abstract

It is difficult to establish the properties of massive stars that explode as supernovae. The electromagnetic emission during the first minutes to hours after the emergence of the shock from the stellar surface conveys important information about the final evolution and structure of the exploding star. However, the unpredictable nature of supernova events hinders the detection of this brief initial phase. Here we report the serendipitous discovery of a newly born, normal type IIb supernova (SN 2016gkg), which reveals a rapid brightening at optical wavelengths of about 40 magnitudes per day. The very frequent sampling of the observations allowed us to study in detail the outermost structure of the progenitor of the supernova and the physics of the emergence of the shock. We develop hydrodynamical models of the explosion that naturally account for the complete evolution of the supernova over distinct phases regulated by different physical processes. This result suggests that it is appropriate to decouple the treatment of the shock propagation from the unknown mechanism that triggers the explosion.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: MD Multidisciplinary
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2018 11:11
Last Modified: 17 Sep 2018 01:29
DOI or Identification number: 10.1038/nature25151
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/8264

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