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Far-UV HST Spectroscopy of an Unusual Hydrogen-poor Superluminous Supernova: SN2017egm

Yan, L, Perley, DA, De Cia, A, Quimby, R, Lunnan, R, Rubin, KHR and Brown, PJ (2018) Far-UV HST Spectroscopy of an Unusual Hydrogen-poor Superluminous Supernova: SN2017egm. Astrophysical Journal, 858 (2). ISSN 0004-637X

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Abstract

SN2017egm is the closest (z = 0.03) H-poor superluminous supernova (SLSN-I) detected to date, and a rare example of an SLSN-I in a massive, metal-rich galaxy. We present the HST UV and optical spectra covering 1000–5500 Å, taken at +3 day relative to the peak. Our data reveal two absorption systems at redshifts matching the host galaxy NGC 3191 (z = 0.0307) and its companion galaxy (z = 0.0299) 73'' apart. Weakly damped Lyα absorption lines are detected at these two redshifts, with H i column densities of (3.0 ± 0.8) × 1019 and (3.7 ± 0.9) × 1019 cm−2, respectively. This is an order of magnitude smaller than the H i column densities in the disks of nearby galaxies (>1010 M ⊙) and suggests that SN2017egm is on the near side of NGC 3191 and has a low host extinction (E(B − V) ~ 0.007). Using unsaturated metal absorption lines, we find that the host of SN2017egm probably has a solar or higher metallicity and is unlikely to be a dwarf companion to NGC 3191. Comparison of early-time UV spectra of SN2017egm, Gaia16apd, iPTF13ajg, and PTF12dam finds that the continuum at λ > 2800 Å is well fit by a blackbody, whereas the continuum at λ < 2800 Å is considerably below the model. The degree of UV suppression varies from source to source, with the 1400–2800 Å continuum flux ratio of 1.5 for Gaia16apd and 0.4 for iPTF13ajg. This cannot be explained by the differences in magnetar power or blackbody temperature. Finally, the UV spectra reveal a common set of seven broad absorption features and their equivalent widths are similar (within a factor of 2) among the four events.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0201 Astronomical And Space Sciences, 0305 Organic Chemistry, 0306 Physical Chemistry (Incl. Structural)
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: American Astronomical Society; IOP Publishing
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2018 10:44
Last Modified: 04 Oct 2018 12:19
DOI or Identification number: 10.3847/1538-4357/aabad5
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/9417

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