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A Gaia DR2 view of white dwarfs in the Hyades

Salaris, M and Bedin, LR (2018) A Gaia DR2 view of white dwarfs in the Hyades. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 480 (3). pp. 3170-3176. ISSN 0035-8711

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Abstract

We have exploited the very precise parallaxes, proper motions, and photometry of Gaia Data Release 2 to study white dwarf members of the Hyades star cluster. Gaia photometry and parallaxes for the eight DA white dwarfs confirmed members have been then used to compute absolute magnitudes and colours. These were compared to three independent sets of white dwarf evolutionary tracks, to derive cooling times and white dwarf (final) masses. All sets of models provide the same mass values, with only small differences in the cooling ages. The precision in the derived masses and cooling ages is typically 1-3 per cent. Our derived masses are generally consistent with spectroscopic estimates from the literature, whilst cooling ages are generally larger. The recent estimate of the cluster age from the Gaia Data Release 2 main-sequence turn offcolour-magnitude diagram (790 Myr) has been employed to derive progenitor (initial) masses. We find a slope of the initial-final mass relation for the Hyades white dwarfs (masses between ~0.67 and ~0.84 M⊙) steeper than that derived for the same mass range from global estimates - averaged over the whole spectrum of white dwarf masses - irrespectively of the cooling models adopted. However, when considering the error in this age estimate (-100+160Myr), a definitive conclusion on this issue cannot be reached yet. The lower limit of 690 Myr (closer to the classical Hyades age of 600-650 Myr) would provide a slope of the initial-final mass relation closer to the global determinations. We also find hints of an intrinsic spread of the cluster initial-final mass relation for the cluster. © 2018 The Author(s).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2018 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0201 Astronomical And Space Sciences
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2018 08:36
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2018 10:08
DOI or Identification number: 10.1093/MNRAS/STY2096
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/9571

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