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Asymmetric Mobility and Emigration of Highly Skilled Workers in Europe: The Portuguese case

Machado Gomes, R, Teixeira Lopes, J, Cerdeira, L, Vaz, H, Peixoto, P, Cabrito, B, Machado-Taylor, L, Machado-Taylor, L, Brites, R, Patrocinio, T, Neiva Ganga, R, Silvia, S and Silva, JP (2018) Asymmetric Mobility and Emigration of Highly Skilled Workers in Europe: The Portuguese case. Migration Studies - Polonia Review, 169 (3). pp. 143-164. ISSN 2081-4488

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Abstract

Emigration is a chronic structural process of the Portuguese society. Th e discussion and key arguments raised in this chapter are mainly focused on data from a research project on Portuguese skilled emigration. Based on the outcomes of the BRADRAMO on-line survey to 1011 highly skilled emigrants it can be suggested that recent phenomena in general, and the crisis that began around 2008 in particular, profoundly transformed the patterns of Portuguese emigration. Nowadays, the country faces a brain drain dynamic that is dramatically altering the profiles of national migrants, emigration destinations, self-identity, and the strategies of those who leave the country. Academic mobility, mainly that promoted by the European Union (through grants from the Erasmus Program), created and fostered mobility flows that reinforced a latent mobility phenomenon. Once engaged in academic mobility programs, Portuguese higher education students tend to stay in the country of destination or, upon returning temporarily to Portugal, to evince a very strong predisposition to move to a country of the European Union. Th e profile of Portuguese high-skilled emigrants reveals a trend towards a permanent and a long-term (as opposed to a temporary or transitory) mobility, an insertion in the primary segment of the labor market of the destination countries, a predominance of professionals connected to the academic/scientific system and to professions requiring high skills, and a latent mobility (aft er a period of study in the country of destination) rather than direct mobility flows (aft er having entered in the employment system of the sending country).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Brain Drain; Brain Circulation; academic Mobility; Deskilling; Reskilling
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HF Commerce
L Education > L Education (General)
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General) > G149 Travel. Voyages and travels (General)
Divisions: Liverpool Screen School
Publisher: Faculty of International and Political Studies and Polish Academy of Arts and Sciences
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2019 11:09
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2019 22:22
DOI or Identification number: 10.4467/25444972SMPP.18.040.9439
Editors: Praszałowicz, D
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/9932

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