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2-Aminoindan and its ring-substituted derivatives interact with plasma membrane monoamine transporters and α2-adrenergic receptors

Halberstadt, AL, Brandt, SD, Walther, D and Baumann, MH (2019) 2-Aminoindan and its ring-substituted derivatives interact with plasma membrane monoamine transporters and α2-adrenergic receptors. Psychopharmacology. ISSN 0033-3158

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Abstract

Rationale: Over the last decade many new psychostimulant analogues have appeared on the recreational drug market and most are derivatives of amphetamine or cathinone. Another class of designer drugs is derived from the 2-aminoindan structural template. Several members of this class, including the parent compound 2-aminoindan (2-AI), have been sold as designer drugs. Another aminoindan derivative, 5-methoxy-2-aminoindan (5-MeO-AI or MEAI), is the active ingredient in a product marketed online as an alcohol substitute. Methods: Here we tested 2-AI and its ring-substituted derivatives 5-MeO-AI, 5-methoxy-6-methyl-2-aminoindan (MMAI), and 5,6-methylenedioxy-2-aminoindan (MDAI) for their abilities to interact with plasma membrane monoamine transporters for dopamine (DAT), norepinephrine (NET) and serotonin (SERT). We also compared the binding affinities of the aminoindans at 29 receptor and transporter binding sites. Results: 2-AI was a selective substrate for NET and DAT. Ring substitution increased potency at SERT while reducing potency at DAT and NET. MDAI was moderately selective for SERT and NET, with 10-fold weaker effects on DAT. 5-MeO-AI exhibited some selectivity for SERT, having 6-fold lower potency at NET and 20-fold lower potency at DAT. MMAI was highly selective for SERT, with 100-fold lower potency at NET and DAT. The aminoindans had relatively high affinity for α2-adrenoceptor subtypes. 2-AI had particularly high affinity for α2C receptors (Ki = 41 nM) and slightly lower affinity for the α2A (Ki = 134 nM) and α2B (Ki = 211 nM) subtypes. 5-MeO-AI and MMAI also had moderate affinity for the 5-HT2B receptor. Conclusions: 2-AI is predicted to have (+)-amphetamine-like effects and abuse potential whereas the ring-substituted derivatives may produce 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA)-like effects but with less abuse liability.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in Psychopharmacology. The final authenticated version is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00213-019-05207-1
Uncontrolled Keywords: 11 Medical and Health Sciences, 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Divisions: Pharmacy & Biomolecular Sciences
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2019 11:08
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2019 05:21
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/10335

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