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Imaging the Active Galactic Nucleus Torus in Cygnus A

Carilli, CL, Perley, RA, Dhawan, V and Perley, DA (2019) Imaging the Active Galactic Nucleus Torus in Cygnus A. The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 874 (2). ISSN 2041-8205

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We present the first direct imaging of what may be the thick torus in the active galactic nucleus (AGN) of the archetype powerful radio galaxy Cygnus A, using the Jansky Very Large Array at 18-48 GHz, with a resolution down to 45 mas. Such a torus has long been a key component of AGN models, but direct imaging on the relevant physical scales in sources of extreme (quasar-like) luminosities, remains scarce. An elongated structure, perpendicular to the radio jets and centered on the core, is well resolved, with a full length of 0.″48 (528 pc), and a full width of 0.″26 (286 pc). The radio emission spectrum is consistent with optically thin free-free emission. We present a toy model of a flaring torus, with a half-opening angle for the poloidal region of 62°. The radio jets are oriented along the poles. The observations require a clumpy gas distribution, with the free-free emission dominated by clumps with densities ≥4000 cm -3 . © 2019. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved..

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0201 Astronomical and Space Sciences
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: American Astronomical Society
Date Deposited: 20 May 2019 11:12
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2021 09:23
DOI or ID number: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab1019
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/10734
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