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Physical Education Pedagogies Built upon Theories of Movement Learning: How Can Environmental Constraints Be Manipulated to Improve Children’s Executive Function and Self-Regulation Skills?

Rudd, JR, O’Callaghan, L and Williams, J (2019) Physical Education Pedagogies Built upon Theories of Movement Learning: How Can Environmental Constraints Be Manipulated to Improve Children’s Executive Function and Self-Regulation Skills? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16 (9). ISSN 1660-4601

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Abstract

Physical education in schools has been marginalised across the globe, and as a result, children are missing out on opportunities to develop and acquire the foundation skills needed to lead a physically active life. The squeeze on physical education in schools, particularly in some western countries (United Kingdom, Australia and America), has been justified on the grounds that core subjects such as English and mathematics need more curriculum time, as this will lead to higher cognitive and academic performance. The aim of this paper is to highlight how physical education lessons in early childhood, underpinned by either of two major theories of motor learning, can support teachers in the creation of learning environments, as well as guide their pedagogical practice to facilitate children’s development of key cognitive skills, in particular executive function and self-regulation skills. These skills are crucial for learning and development and have been found to be a higher predictor of academic achievement than IQ. They also enable positive behaviour and allow us to make healthy choices for ourselves and others, therefore providing further evidence that the development of movement skills has the potential to secure positive attitudes and outcomes towards physical activity across the lifespan.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: MD Multidisciplinary
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure > GV561 Sports
Divisions: School of Sport Studies, Leisure and Nutrition
Publisher: MDPI AG
Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2019 08:49
Last Modified: 03 Jun 2019 09:00
DOI or Identification number: 10.3390/ijerph16091630
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/10766

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