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Sports operations management: examining the relationship between environmental uncertainty and quality management orientation

Bamford, D, Hannibal, C, Kauppi, K and Dehe, B (2018) Sports operations management: examining the relationship between environmental uncertainty and quality management orientation. European Sport Management Quarterly, 18 (5). pp. 563-582. ISSN 1746-031X

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Abstract

Research question: The outcome of a sporting competition is uncertain and one of the key reasons for the sustained popularity of spectator sport. Whilst unique and exciting, this context poses challenges for the management of the sporting experience as there is no control over the outcome of the competition; a disappointing result on-field may translate to a disappointing overall experience for the spectators. We wish to understand if and how quality management practices can be used in off-field operations to mitigate on-field uncertainty, and thus have greater control over spectator perception of the sporting experience.
Research methods: A multi-country survey of operations managers of sporting stadia in the United Kingdom, United States, Canada, Australia and New Zealand was conducted. We operationalize environmental uncertainty as spectator co-creation and enforced collaboration, and assess quality management orientation from both a customer and process perspective. Linear regression is used for data analysis.
Results and Findings: Surprisingly, we find that environmental uncertainty does not encourage the orientation of quality management practices towards the customer. Instead, we find a greater application of process focus. In considering sporting fans as passive customers rather than active co-creators of value, quality management practices seem to have skewed towards process rather than person.
Implications: Customer satisfaction appears as secondary to process performance in the sample of stadia examined. This is in contrast to studies that have encouraged a focus on the customer in contexts of environmental uncertainty. We suggest a renewed focus on the customer for the longevity of sporting stadia.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in European Sport Management Quarterly on 22/02/2018, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/16184742.2018.1442486
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1504 Commercial Services
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HF Commerce > HF5001 Business
Divisions: Liverpool Business School
Publisher: Taylor & Francis (Routledge): SSH Titles
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 04 Jun 2019 10:15
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2019 10:15
DOI or Identification number: 10.1080/16184742.2018.1442486
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/10795

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