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Gender and the Career Outcomes of PhD Astronomers in the United States

Perley, DA Gender and the Career Outcomes of PhD Astronomers in the United States. Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific. ISSN 0004-6280 (Accepted)

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I analyze the postdoctoral career tracks of a nearly-complete sample of astronomers from 28 United States graduate astronomy and astrophysics programs spanning 13 graduating years (N=1063). A majority of both men and women (65% and 66%, respectively) find long-term employment in astronomy or closely-related academic disciplines. No significant difference is observed in the rates at which men and women are hired into these jobs following their PhDs, or in the rates at which they leave the field. Applying a two-outcome survival analysis model to the entire data set, the relative academic hiring probability ratio for women vs. men at a common year post-PhD is H_(F/M) = 1.08 (+0.20, -0.17; 95% CI); the relative leaving probability ratio is L_(F/M) = 1.03 (+0.31, -0.24). These are both consistent with equal outcomes for both genders (H_(F/M) = L_(F/M) = 1) and rule out more than minor gender differences in hiring or in the decision to abandon an academic career. They suggest that despite discrimination and adversity, women scientists are successful at managing the transition between PhD, postdoctoral, and faculty/staff positions.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: astro-ph.IM; astro-ph.IM; physics.soc-ph
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: IOP Publishing
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 05 Jul 2019 10:20
Last Modified: 05 Jul 2019 10:30
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/10982

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