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A cross-sectional study of child injury ambulance call-out characteristics and their utility in surveillance

Critchley, KA and Quigg, Z (2019) A cross-sectional study of child injury ambulance call-out characteristics and their utility in surveillance. Journal of Paramedic Practice, 11 (7). pp. 282-292. ISSN 1759-1376

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Abstract

Background: Injuries are a leading cause of death and ill-health in children. Aims: To explore the potential utility of ambulance call-out data in understanding the burden and characteristics of child injury. Methods: A cross-sectional examination was carried out of injury-related ambulance call-outs to children aged 0–14 years in the north west of England between April 2016 and March 2017. Findings: The majority of the 16 285 call-outs were for unintentional injuries (91.4%), with falls the most prevalent injury type (38.4%). The incidence of child injury ambulance call-outs peaked at age 1 year (233.4 per 10 000 population). Burns in children aged 5–9 years were significantly higher at weekends (P=0.003) and on celebration days (P=0.001); poisoning in 10–14 year-olds were significantly higher at weekends (P=0.001); and traffic injuries were significantly lower at weekends in 0–4 year-olds (P=0.009) and 10–14 year-olds (P=0.003). Conclusion: Ambulance call-out data can provide epidemiological support in examining the characteristics of child injury and identifying at-risk groups.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This document is the Accepted Manuscript version of a Published Work that appeared in final form in Journal of Paramedic Practice, after peer review and technical editing by the publisher,copyright MA Healthcare. To access the final edited and published work see 10.12968/jpar.2019.11.7.282
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1103 Clinical Sciences, 1117 Public Health and Health Services
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ101 Child Health. Child health services
Divisions: Public Health Institute
Publisher: Mark Allen Healthcare
Date Deposited: 05 Jul 2019 10:51
Last Modified: 10 Jan 2020 00:50
DOI or Identification number: 10.12968/jpar.2019.11.7.282
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/10988

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