Facial reconstruction

Search LJMU Research Online

Browse Repository | Browse E-Theses

Cranial remains from the graveyard to the laboratory: restoration, conservation and craniometric analysis of medieval British skeletal samples

Valoriani, S (2019) Cranial remains from the graveyard to the laboratory: restoration, conservation and craniometric analysis of medieval British skeletal samples. Doctoral thesis, Liverpool John Moores University.

[img] Text
2019valorianiphd.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 11 July 2021.

Download (11MB)

Abstract

The present thesis proposes a comparison of 16 British medieval samples by means of craniometric analysis. The purpose of this study is to determine whether craniometric variation among British medieval groups exists and what are the causes of these differences. Following the reconstruction of 267 skulls from Gloucester, Poulton and Linenhall, 45 measurements for each cranium were recorded. Craniometric data from 946 individuals were analysed with multivariate statistical analyses. A selection of 18 variables was used for comparison among samples. A further comparison with a selection from Howells’ main human groups was carried out. Discriminant function analysis, principal component analysis and hierarchical cluster analysis were carried out to detect differences among British medieval samples and British and Howells’ data set. The results support previous work published by other authors indicating a difference in craniometric measurement among British samples. Further discrimination is proved among samples from different geographic areas. This analysis suggests that the differences in craniometrics among British medieval samples are determined by the migration of foreign people from other European areas. A further difference is demonstrated between British and Howells’ samples, with a clustering based on geographical affinity. The European groups (including the British) resemble each other, while the others cluster based on their geographical distribution. The results prove that cranial measurements follow climate adaptation trends and DNA patterns verified by other researchers’ results.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Physical anthropology; craniometric analysis; Medieval; Britain
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GN Anthropology
Q Science > QH Natural history
Divisions: Natural Sciences and Psychology
Date Deposited: 18 Jul 2019 15:18
Last Modified: 18 Jul 2019 15:19
DOI or Identification number: 10.24377/LJMU.t.00011031
Supervisors: Borrini, M, Irish, J and Gonzalez, S
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/11031

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item