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New horizons at L’Anse aux Meadows

Ledger, PM, Girdland-Flink, L and Forbes, V (2019) New horizons at L’Anse aux Meadows. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. ISSN 0027-8424

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Abstract

The UNESCO World Heritage site of L’Anse aux Meadows (LAM) in northern Newfoundland is the only undisputed site of pre-1492 presence of Europeans in the Americas. In August 2018, we undertook fieldwork at LAM to sample the peat bog 30 m east of the Norse ruins for a multiproxy paleoenvironmental assessment of Norse settlement. Instead, we encountered a new cultural horizon. Here we report our fieldwork at this iconic site and a Bayesian analysis of legacy radiocarbon data, which nuance previous conclusions and suggest Norse activity at LAM may have endured for a century. In light of these findings, we reflect on how the cultural horizon, containing nonnative ecofacts, may relate to indigenous or Norse activities.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: MD Multidisciplinary
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GB Physical geography
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Divisions: Natural Sciences and Psychology
Publisher: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Date Deposited: 18 Jul 2019 11:06
Last Modified: 18 Jul 2019 11:15
DOI or Identification number: 10.1073/pnas.1907986116
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/11055

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