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Carbamate resistance in a UK population of the halophilic mosquito Ochlerotatus detritus implicates selection by agricultural usage of insecticide

Brown, FV, Logan, RAE and Wilding, CS (2018) Carbamate resistance in a UK population of the halophilic mosquito Ochlerotatus detritus implicates selection by agricultural usage of insecticide. International Journal of Pest Management. ISSN 0967-0874

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Carbamate resistance in a UK population of the halophilic mosquito Ochlerotatus detritus implicates selection by agricultural usage of insecticide.pdf - Accepted Version
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Abstract

The salt marsh mosquito Ochlerotatus detritus Haliday, 1833 (Diptera: Culicidae) is locally abundant in some areas of the UK, can be a pernicious summer nuisance biter and is one of eleven British mosquitoes considered as a potential bridge vector of West Nile Virus. WHO bioassays of insecticide susceptibility were performed on O. detritus from Parkgate Marshes, Little Neston, Wirral, UK using three insecticides, the pyrethroid permethrin, the carbamate bendiocarb and the organophosphate fenitrothion. O. detritus were fully susceptible to permethrin and fenitrothion but exhibited strong resistance to bendiocarb (66% of females alive following 1–hr exposure; LT50 of 116 minutes). Sequencing of the known resistance-causing mutations in the acetylcholinesterase target site of carbamate/organophosphates, and of pyrethroids, the voltage-gated sodium channel, revealed no known target-site mutations indicating the carbamate resistance is not target-site mediated. Pre-exposure to the synergist piperonyl butoxide recovered full bendiocarb susceptibility further implicating metabolic resistance. We show that UK mosquitoes have the potential to develop resistance to insecticides and suggest that the carbamate resistance detected could be a result of exposure to agricultural insecticides. © 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in International Journal of Pest Management on 27/10/2018, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/09670874.2018.1499985
Uncontrolled Keywords: 07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QL Zoology
Divisions: Natural Sciences and Psychology
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2019 11:27
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2019 11:30
DOI or Identification number: 10.1080/09670874.2018.1499985
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/11075

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