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Enhancing fragility of zero-based text watermarking utilizing effective characters list

Saba, T, Bashardoost, M, Kolivand, H, Rahim, MSM, Rehman, A and Khan, MA (2019) Enhancing fragility of zero-based text watermarking utilizing effective characters list. Multimedia Tools and Applications. ISSN 1380-7501

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Abstract

Text is an important medium used for sharing information worldwide. For a text document, digital watermarking is an efficient way for copyright protection, authentication, tamper proofing, to name but a few. In this paper, a zero-based watermarking approach is proposed for document authentication and tamper detection. To enhance the fragility of watermark, the proposed text watermarking approach can be comfortably utilized – based on the Effective Characters List (ECL) for watermark generation. The ECL method is generated for English text zero-watermarking by maintaining the contents of the original document and constructing the watermark by formulating the smooth transition between the selected characters in the documents. The evaluation of the proposed watermarking approach is based on three famous watermarking attacks including deletion, insertion, and reordering with an accuracy of 80.76%, 80.36%, and 88.1%, respectively. For a fair evaluation, a comparison is put forth with a recent zero-based watermarking method - clearly showing that the proposed method outperforms existing with greater accuracy. © 2019, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0803 Computer Software, 0805 Distributed Computing, 0806 Information Systems, 0801 Artificial Intelligence and Image Processing
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Divisions: Computer Science
Publisher: Springer Verlag (Germany)
Date Deposited: 09 Sep 2019 09:34
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2019 09:45
DOI or Identification number: 10.1007/s11042-019-08084-0
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/11305

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