Facial reconstruction

Search LJMU Research Online

Browse Repository | Browse E-Theses

Gross intestinal morphometry and allometry in primates

McGrosky, A, Meloro, C, Navarrete, A, Heldstab, SA, Kitchener, AC, Isler, K and Clauss, M (2019) Gross intestinal morphometry and allometry in primates. American Journal of Primatology, 81 (8). ISSN 0275-2565

[img] Text
Clauss_etal_2019_submitted.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 18 July 2020.

Download (4MB)

Abstract

Although it is generally assumed that among mammals and within mammal groups, those species that rely on diets consisting of greater amounts of plant fiber have larger gastrointestinal tracts (GIT), statistical evidence for this simple claim is largely lacking. We compiled a dataset on the length of the small intestine, caecum, and colon in 42 strepsirrhine, platyrrhine, and catarrhine primate species, using specimens with known body mass (BM). We tested the scaling of intestine length with BM, and whether dietary proxies (percentage of leaves and a diet quality index) were significant covariates in these scaling relationships, using two sets of models: one that did not account for the phylogenetic structure of the data, and one that did. Intestine length mainly scaled geometrically at exponents that included 0.33 in the confidence interval; Strepsirrhini exhibited particularly long caeca, while those of Catarrhini were comparatively short. Diet proxies were only significant for the colon and the total large intestine (but not for the small intestine or the caecum), and only in conventional statistics (but not when accounting for phylogeny), indicating the pattern occurred across but not within clades. Compared to terrestrial Carnivora, primates have similar small intestine lengths, but longer large intestines. The data on intestine lengths presented here corroborate recent results on GIT complexity, suggesting that diet, as currently described, does not exhaustively explain GIT anatomy within primate clades.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0608 Zoology, 1601 Anthropology
Subjects: Q Science > QL Zoology
Divisions: Biological & Environmental Sciences (new Sep 19)
Publisher: Wiley
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 11 Sep 2019 09:07
Last Modified: 11 Sep 2019 09:15
DOI or Identification number: 10.1002/ajp.23035
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/11318

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item