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Multiple Populations in integrated light spectroscopy of intermediate - age clusters

Bastian, N, Usher, CG, Kamann, S, Lardo, C, Larsen, SS, Cabrera-Ziri, I, Chantereau, W, Martocchia, S, Salaris, M, Schiavon, RP, Asa'd, R and Hilker, M (2019) Multiple Populations in integrated light spectroscopy of intermediate - age clusters. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Letters, 489 (1). L80-L85. ISSN 1745-3933

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The presence of star-to-star light-element abundance variations (a.k.a. multiple populations, MPs) appears to be ubiquitous within old and massive clusters in the Milky Way and all studied nearby galaxies. Most previous studies have focussed on resolved images or spectroscopy of individual stars, although there has been significant effort in the past few years to look for multiple population signatures in integrated light spectroscopy. If proven feasible, integrated light studies offer a potential way to vastly open parameter space, as clusters out to tens of Mpc can be studied. We use the NaD lines in the integrated spectra of two clusters with similar ages ($2-3$ Gyr) but very different masses, NGC 1978 ($\sim3\times10^5$ Msun) in the LMC and G114 ($1.7\times10^7$ Msun) in NGC 1316. For NGC 1978, our findings agree with resolved studies of individual stars which did not find evidence for Na spreads. However, for G114, we find clear evidence for the presence of multiple populations. The fact that the same anomalous abundance patterns are found in both the intermediate age and ancient GCs lends further support to the notion that young massive clusters are effectively the same as the ancient globular clusters, only separated in age.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Letters ©: 2019 The Authors published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords: astro-ph.GA; astro-ph.GA
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 11 Sep 2019 10:58
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2021 08:54
DOI or ID number: 10.1093/mnrasl/slz130
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/11324
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