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Craniofacial reconstruction of the Indus valley civilization individuals found at 4500-year-old Rakhigarhi cemetery

Lee, WJ, Shinde, V, Kim, YJ, Jadhav, N, Waghmare, P, Tadav, Y, Munshi, A, Panyam, A, Chatterjee, M, Oh, CS, Hong, JH, Wilkinson, C, Rynn, C and Shin, DH (2019) Craniofacial reconstruction of the Indus valley civilization individuals found at 4500-year-old Rakhigarhi cemetery. Anatomical Science International. ISSN 1447-073X

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Abstract

Despite academic efforts to study the Indus Valley civilization (IVC), there have as yet been no successful attempts to unveil the IVC people’s craniofacial appearance. We investigated the IVC cemetery area of Rakhigarhi site, which was estimated to be of 2273 ± 38 and 2616 ± 73 years BCE. By craniofacial reconstruction (CFR) procedure using computed tomography (CT) data of two Rakhigarhi skulls (A1 BR02 and A2 BR36), we successfully reconstructed the faces of the IVC individu-als who were buried about 4500 years ago. This is the first attempt to unveil scientifically accurate representations of IVC people’s actual facial morphology.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Indus valley civilization; craniofacial reconstruction; Rakhigarhi cemetery; computed tomography; India
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GN Anthropology
Q Science > QM Human anatomy
Q Science > QP Physiology
Divisions: Art & Design
Publisher: Springer (part of Springer Nature)
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2019 08:38
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2019 08:45
DOI or Identification number: 10.1007/s12565-019-00504-3
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/11497

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