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Plant biomass ashes in cement-based building materials. Feasibility as eco-efficient structural mortars and grouts

González-Kunz, RN, Pineda, P, Brás, A and Morillas, L (2017) Plant biomass ashes in cement-based building materials. Feasibility as eco-efficient structural mortars and grouts. Sustainable Cities and Society, 31. pp. 151-172. ISSN 2210-6707

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Abstract

The use of plant biomass ash, as partial replacing binder in cement-based structural mortars or grouts, is an interesting eco-friendly alternative within the building industry. Besides, recycling those ashes makes possible to reduce the polluting wastes that are accumulated in landfills, improving sustainability. On the basis of the data obtained from the literature, this paper analyses the feasibility of using plant biomass ashes in eco-efficient structural mortars or grouts. The research focuses on issues that are directly related to the pollution mitigation and to the structural performance. Physical-chemical properties (pozzolanic activity and mechanical characteristics), rheological behaviour, setting times and drying shrinkage, durability and environmental features are analysed. In addition, the global warming potential and embodied energy of the plant biomass ashes- based mixtures are calculated, assuming that they will be used to grout hollow concrete units (CMUs), in order to obtain green grouted blocks. Advantages and disadvantages of each waste as cement substitute are highlighted. Besides, the properties or characteristics that require additional research are pointed out (e.g. durability and environmental impact). Conclusions from this work could be used to foster further research on the use and development of those eco-efficient building materials.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0502 Environmental Science and Management, 1205 Urban and Regional Planning
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TH Building construction
Divisions: Built Environment
Publisher: Elsevier
Date Deposited: 25 Oct 2019 09:34
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2019 09:45
DOI or Identification number: 10.1016/j.scs.2017.03.001
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/11635

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