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Predicting 30-day hospital readmission for diabetes patients using multilayer perceptron

Goudjerkan, T and Jayabalan, M (2019) Predicting 30-day hospital readmission for diabetes patients using multilayer perceptron. International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, 10 (2). ISSN 2158-107X

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Abstract

Hospital readmission is considered a key metric in order to assess health center performances. Indeed, readmissions involve different consequences such as the patient's health condition, hospital operational efficiency but also cost burden from a wider perspective. Prediction of 30-day readmission for diabetes patients is therefore of prime importance. The existing models are characterized by their limited prediction power, generalizability and pre-processing. For instance, the benchmarked LACE (Length of stay, Acuity of admission, Charlson comorbidity index and Emergency visits) index traded prediction performance against ease of use for the end user. As such, this study propose a comprehensive pre-processing framework in order to improve the model's performance while exploring and selecting a prominent feature for 30-day unplanned readmission among diabetes patients. In order to deal with readmission prediction, this study will also propose a Multilayer Perceptron (MLP) model on data collected from 130 US hospitals. More specifically, the pre-processing technique includes comprehensive data cleaning, data reduction, and transformation. Random Forest algorithm for feature selection and SMOTE algorithm for data balancing are some example of methods used in the proposed pre-processing framework. The proposed combination of data engineering and MLP abilities was found to outperform existing research when implemented and tested on health center data. The performance of the designed model was found, in this regard, particularly balanced across different metrics of interest with accuracy and Area under the Curve (AUC) of 95% and close to the optimal recall of 99%.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RT Nursing
Divisions: Engineering & Technology Research Institute
Publisher: SAI Organization
Date Deposited: 07 Nov 2019 11:12
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2019 11:12
DOI or Identification number: 10.14569/IJACSA.2019.0100236
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/11685

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