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Micro-generation technologies and consumption of resources: A complex systems’ exploration

Grubic, T, Varga, L, Hu, Y and Tewari, A (2019) Micro-generation technologies and consumption of resources: A complex systems’ exploration. Journal of Cleaner Production, 247. ISSN 0959-6526

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Abstract

This study is motivated by a research gap in the systemic implications that wider adoption of multiple micro-generation technologies may bring to interdependent infrastructures. It explores how the adoption of battery electric vehicles, solar photovoltaics, solar thermal water heating, rain water harvesting, grey water recycling, and waste heat recovery affect system-level consumption of water, gas, gasoline, electricity, CO2 emissions, and electricity generation cost. The simulations based on a new agent-based model show that grey water recycling and rain water harvesting reduce water and solar thermal water heating and rain water harvesting reduce gas demand respectively. A wider adoption of battery electric vehicle and solar photovoltaics have no effect while a reduction in the number of gasoline cars and gas users leads to higher electricity consumption, CO2 emissions, and electricity generation cost. The following policy implications are identified: grey water recycling and rain water harvesting should be actively promoted; improvements in the design and use of gas boilers may be better options than solar thermal water heating and rain water harvesting; battery electric vehicle should be adopted together with solar photovoltaics; solar photovoltaics should not be supported with feed-in-tariffs. If the last two implications are not addressed, then a more complementary electricity generation mix is necessary otherwise policies that promote replacement of gasoline cars by battery electric vehicles may result in negative systemic impacts.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0907 Environmental Engineering, 0910 Manufacturing Engineering, 0915 Interdisciplinary Engineering
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HF Commerce > HF5001 Business
Divisions: Business & Management (new Sep 19)
Publisher: Elsevier
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2019 11:51
Last Modified: 25 Feb 2020 15:00
DOI or Identification number: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.119091
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/11732

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