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In situ Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroelectrochemical Study of Graphene-based Supercapacitors: Comparison between Chemically Reduced Graphene Oxide and Nitrogen-doped Reduced Graphene Oxide

Wang, B, Likodimos, V, Fielding, AJ and Dryfe, RAW (2019) In situ Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroelectrochemical Study of Graphene-based Supercapacitors: Comparison between Chemically Reduced Graphene Oxide and Nitrogen-doped Reduced Graphene Oxide. Carbon, 160. pp. 236-246. ISSN 0008-6223

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In situ Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroelectrochemical Study of Graphene-based Supercapacitors Comparison between Chemically Reduced Graphene Oxide and Nitrogen-doped Reduced Graphene Oxide.pdf - Published Version
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Abstract

An in situ electrochemical electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopic study of N-doped reduced graphene oxide (N-rGO) is reported with the aim of understanding the properties of this material when employed as an electrical double-layer capacitor. N-rGO shows a capacitance of 100 F g−1 in 6 M KOH, which is twice that found for reduced graphene oxide (rGO). The temperature dependence of the rGO EPR signal revealed two different components: a narrow component, following the Curie law, was related to defects; and a broad curve with a stronger Pauli law component was attributed to the spin interaction between mobile electrons and localised π electrons trapped at a more extended aromatic structure. The N-rGO sample presented broader EPR signals, indicative of additional contributions to the resonance width. In situ EPR electrochemical spectroscopy was applied to both samples to relate changes in unpaired electron density to the enhanced capacitance. The narrow and broad components increased and diminished reversibly with potential. The potential-dependent narrow feature was related to the generated radical species from corresponding functional groups: e.g. O- and N-centred radicals. Improved capacitance seen for the N-modified basal graphene planes can be accordingly suggested to underlie the enhanced capacitance of N-rGO in basic electrolytes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 03 Chemical Sciences, 02 Physical Sciences, 09 Engineering
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Divisions: Pharmacy & Biomolecular Sciences
Publisher: Elsevier
Date Deposited: 16 Jan 2020 10:43
Last Modified: 16 Jan 2020 10:45
DOI or Identification number: 10.1016/j.carbon.2019.12.045
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/12037

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