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Listening and watching: do camera traps or acoustic sensors more efficiently detect wild chimpanzees in an open habitat?

Crunchant, AS, Borchers, D, Kuehl, Hjalmar and Piel, AK Listening and watching: do camera traps or acoustic sensors more efficiently detect wild chimpanzees in an open habitat? Methods in Ecology and Evolution. ISSN 2041-210X (Accepted)

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Abstract

1. With one million animal species at risk of extinction, there is an urgent need to regularly monitor threatened species. However, in practice this is challenging, especially with wide-ranging, elusive and cryptic species or those that occur at low density.
2. Here we compare two non-invasive methods, passive acoustic
monitoring (n=12) and camera trapping (n=53), to detect chimpanzees
(Pan troglodytes) in a savanna-woodland mosaic habitat at the Issa
Valley, Tanzania. With occupancy modelling we evaluate the efficacy of
each method, using the estimated number of sampling days needed to
establish chimpanzee absence with 95% probability, as our measure of
efficacy.
3. Passive acoustic monitoring was more efficient than camera trapping in detecting wild chimpanzees. Detectability varied over seasons, likely due to social and ecological factors that influence party size and vocalization rate. The acoustic method can infer chimpanzee absence with less than ten days of recordings in the field during the late dry season, the period of highest detectability, which was five times faster than the visual method.
4. Synthesis and applications: Despite some technical limitations, we
demonstrate that passive acoustic monitoring is a powerful tool for
species monitoring. Its applicability in evaluating presence/absence,
especially but not exclusively for loud call species, such as cetaceans,
elephants, gibbons or chimpanzees provides a more efficient way of
monitoring populations and inform conservation plans to mediate
species-loss.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0602 Ecology, 0603 Evolutionary Biology, 0502 Environmental Science and Management
Subjects: Q Science > QL Zoology
S Agriculture > SF Animal culture
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions: Biological & Environmental Sciences (new Sep 19)
Publisher: Wiley
Date Deposited: 22 Jan 2020 14:10
Last Modified: 22 Jan 2020 14:10
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/12083

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