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AT 2019abn: multi-wavelength observations of the first 200 days

Williams, SC, Jones, D, Pessev, P, Geier, S, Corradi, RLM, Hook, IM, Darnley, MJ, Pejcha, O, Núñez, A, Meingast, S and Moran, S (2020) AT 2019abn: multi-wavelength observations of the first 200 days. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 637 (A20). pp. 1-13. ISSN 0004-6361

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AT 2019abn was discovered in the nearby M51 galaxy, by the Zwicky Transient Facility more than two magnitudes, and around 3 weeks, prior to its optical peak. We aimed to conduct a detailed photometric and spectroscopic follow-up campaign for AT 2019abn, with the early discovery allowing significant pre-maximum observations of an intermediate luminosity red transient (ILRT) for the first time. This work is based around the analysis of u'BVr'i'z'H photometry and low-resolution spectroscopy with the Liverpool Telescope, medium-resolution spectroscopy with Gran Telescopio Canarias (GTC) and near-infrared imaging with GTC and the Nordic Optical Telescope. We present the most detailed optical light curve of an ILRT to date, with multi-band photometry starting around three weeks before peak brightness. The transient peaked at an observed absolute magnitude of M_r=-13.1, although it is subject to significant reddening from dust in M51, implying an intrinsic M_r~-15.2. The initial light curve showed a linear, achromatic rise in magnitude, before becoming bluer at peak. After peak brightness the transient gradually cooled. This is reflected in our spectra which at later times show absorption from species such as Fe I, Ni I and Li I. A spectrum taken around peak brightness shows narrow, low-velocity absorption lines, which we interpret as likely originating from pre-existing circumstellar material. We conclude that, while there are some peculiarities, such as the radius evolution, AT 2019abn overall fits in well with the ILRT class of objects, and is the most luminous member of the class seen to date.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: astro-ph.SR; astro-ph.SR; astro-ph.GA
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: EDP Sciences
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 28 Jan 2020 14:12
Last Modified: 23 Aug 2022 13:15
DOI or ID number: 10.1051/0004-6361/201937286
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/12127
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