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Short GRB 160821B: A Reverse Shock, a Refreshed Shock, and a Well-sampled Kilonova

Lamb, GP, Tanvir, NR, Levan, AJ, de Ugarte Postigo, A, Kawaguchi, K, Corsi, A, Evans, PA, Gompertz, B, Malesani, DB, Page, KL, Wiersema, K, Rosswog, S, Shibata, M, Tanaka, M, van der Horst, AJ, Cano, Z, Fynbo, JPU, Fruchter, AS, Greiner, J, Heintz, K , Higgins, A, Hjorth, J, Izzo, L, Jakobsson, P, Kann, DA, O'Brien, PT, Perley, DA, Pian, E, Pugliese, G, Starling, RLC, Thone, CC, Watson, D, Wijers, RAMJ and Xu, D (2019) Short GRB 160821B: A Reverse Shock, a Refreshed Shock, and a Well-sampled Kilonova. Astrophysical Journal, 883 (1). ISSN 0004-637X

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Abstract

We report our identification of the optical afterglow and host galaxy of the short-duration gamma-ray burst sGRB 160821B. The spectroscopic redshift of the host is z = 0.162, making it one of the lowest redshift short-duration gamma-ray bursts (sGRBs) identified by Swift. Our intensive follow-up campaign using a range of ground-based facilities as well as Hubble Space Telescope, XMM-Newton, and Swift, shows evidence for a late-time excess of optical and near-infrared emission in addition to a complex afterglow. The afterglow light curve at X-ray frequencies reveals a narrow jet, ${\theta }_{j}\sim {1.9}_{-0.03}^{+0.10}$ deg, that is refreshed at >1 day post-burst by a slower outflow with significantly more energy than the initial outflow that produced the main GRB. Observations of the 5 GHz radio afterglow shows a reverse shock into a mildly magnetized shell. The optical and near-infrared excess is fainter than AT2017gfo associated with GW170817, and is well explained by a kilonova with dynamic ejecta mass M dyn = (1.0 ± 0.6) × 10−3 M ⊙ and a secular (post-merger) ejecta mass with M pm = (1.0 ± 0.6) × 10−2 M ⊙, consistent with a binary neutron star merger resulting in a short-lived massive neutron star. This optical and near-infrared data set provides the best-sampled kilonova light curve without a gravitational wave trigger to date.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0201 Astronomical and Space Sciences, 0202 Atomic, Molecular, Nuclear, Particle and Plasma Physics, 0306 Physical Chemistry (incl. Structural)
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: American Astronomical Society; IOP Publishing
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2020 10:53
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2020 11:00
DOI or Identification number: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab38bb
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/12134

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