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Laser Surface Texturing To Create Biomimetic Surface Topographies For Marine Antifouling Efficacy Testing

Horner, R (2020) Laser Surface Texturing To Create Biomimetic Surface Topographies For Marine Antifouling Efficacy Testing. Doctoral thesis, Liverpool John Moores University.

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Abstract

Biofouling is the unwanted colonisation of organisms on a living or artificial surface. Convergent evolution has led to the development of antifouling textures on many marine species. This thesis provides novel investigation into creating biomimetic antifouling surface directly onto marine grade stainless steel using laser micro machining. The investigation was split into three main research questions: (1) can laser surface texturing be used to create antifouling surfaces, and their effects on surface parameters (roughness / contact angle); (2) can biomimetic antifouling surfaces be created using laser surface texturing?; (3) can features of those successful surfaces be combined to create enhanced biomimetic antifouling surface?. All three experiments had similar methods, as laser processing was used to transfer the selected biomimetic micro-topography patterns onto marine grade stainless steel (316L). Samples were deployed in the field (Liverpool South Docks, UK) for 7 days. Abundance of biofilm was assessed using random systematic sampling. For the biomimetic surfaces, a fringe projection microscope (GFM) was used to investigate 3D scans of the surface topography of shells of bivalve and crab species, to provide bio-inspiration for the design of the surfaces created in this research. It was found that the micro-topography pattern limits the attachment of the biofilm to the surface. This thesis shows that (1) laser surface texturing can be used to create antifouling surfaces; (2) biomimetic antifouling surfaces can be created and enhance antifouling efficacy, and (3) that combining biomimetic features into multi-scale and multi-feature patterns have enhanced antifouling effects. This reinforces that biomimetic surfaces have the potential to be a non-toxic, eco-friendly antifouling technology that work directly on marine metal structures without the need for further coatings or chemicals.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Uncontrolled Keywords: biofilm; diatoms; marine biofouling; laser surface texturing; antifouling; fouling
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
V Naval Science > VM Naval architecture. Shipbuilding. Marine engineering
Divisions: Engineering
Date Deposited: 22 Oct 2020 09:53
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2020 09:54
DOI or Identification number: 10.24377/LJMU.t.00012315
Supervisors: Sharp, M and Durr, S
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/12315

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