Facial reconstruction

Search LJMU Research Online

Browse Repository | Browse E-Theses

Trabecular architecture of the great ape and human femoral head

Georgiou, L, Kivell, TL, Pahr, DH, Buck, LT and Skinner, MM (2019) Trabecular architecture of the great ape and human femoral head. Journal of Anatomy, 234 (5). pp. 679-693. ISSN 0021-8782

[img]
Preview
Text
Trabecular architecture of the great ape and human femoral head.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (707kB) | Preview

Abstract

Studies of femoral trabecular structure have shown that the orientation and volume of bone are associated with variation in loading and could be informative about individual joint positioning during locomotion. In this study, we analyse for the first time trabecular bone patterns throughout the femoral head using a wholeepiphysis approach to investigate how potential trabecular variation in humans and great apes relates to differences in locomotor modes. Trabecular architecture was analysed using microCT scans of Pan troglodytes (n = 20), Gorilla gorilla (n = 14), Pongo sp. (n = 5) and Homo sapiens (n = 12) in MEDTOOL 4.1. Our results revealed differences in bone volume fraction (BV/TV) distribution patterns, as well as overall trabecular parameters of the femoral head between great apes and humans. Pan and Gorilla showed two regions of high BV/TV in the femoral head, consistent with hip posture and loading during two discrete locomotor modes: knuckle-walking and climbing. Most Pongo specimens also displayed two regions of high BV/TV, but these regions were less discrete and there was more variability across the sample. In contrast, Homo showed only one main region of high BV/TV in the femoral head and had the lowest BV/TV, as well as the most anisotropic trabeculae. The Homo trabecular structure is consistent with stereotypical loading with a more extended hip compared with great apes, which is characteristic of modern human bipedalism. Our results suggest that holistic evaluations of femoral head trabecular architecture can reveal previously undetected patterns linked to locomotor behaviour in extant apes and can provide further insight into hip joint loading in fossil hominins and other primates.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Georgiou, L., Kivell, T.L., Pahr, D.H., Buck, L.T. and Skinner, M.M. (2019), Trabecular architecture of the great ape and human femoral head. J. Anat., 234: 679-693. doi:10.1111/joa.12957, which has been published in final form at https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joa.12957. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0903 Biomedical Engineering, 1116 Medical Physiology
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GN Anthropology
Q Science > QM Human anatomy
Q Science > QP Physiology
Divisions: Biological & Environmental Sciences (new Sep 19)
Publisher: Wiley
Date Deposited: 31 Mar 2020 10:56
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2020 11:00
DOI or Identification number: 10.1111/joa.12957
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/12621

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item