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Dynamics and stellar content of the giant southern stream in M31. II. Interpretation

Font, AS, Johnston, KV, Guhathakurta, P, Majewski, SR and Rich, RM (2006) Dynamics and stellar content of the giant southern stream in M31. II. Interpretation. Astronomical Journal, 131 (3). ISSN 0004-6256

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We examine the nature of the progenitor of the giant stellar stream in M31 using as constraints new radial velocity measurements of stream red giant stars (presented in the companion paper by Guhathakurta and coworkers) along with other M31 data sets available in the literature. We find that the observations are best fitted by orbits that are highly eccentric and close to edge-on, with apocenter to pericenter ratios on the order of 25-30 and with apocenters at or only slightly beyond the southern edge of the current data. Among these orbits we are able to find a few that plausibly connect the stream with the northern spur or with the low surface brightness feature of high metallicity similar to that of the stream (originally reported by Ferguson and coworkers) to the east of M31's center. In the latter case, if the connection is real, then the eastern debris should lie well in front of M31, near the apocenter of the orbit. Both the width of the debris and velocity dispersion measurements imply a rough lower limit on the mass of the progenitor of 108 M⊙. We use this limit and our orbits to discuss which of M31's satellites could be plausibly associated with the stream. In addition, we predict that the width of the stream should increase beyond the southern edge of the current data around the apocenter of the orbit and that the line-of-sight velocity dispersion should exhibit significant variations along the stream.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0201 Astronomical and Space Sciences
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: American Astronomical Society
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Date Deposited: 14 Apr 2020 09:31
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2021 07:29
DOI or ID number: 10.1086/499564
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/12715
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