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Examining the demographic profile and attitudes of citizens, in areas where organized crime groups proliferate

Kirby, S, McManus, MA and Boulton, L (2017) Examining the demographic profile and attitudes of citizens, in areas where organized crime groups proliferate. Trends in Organized Crime, 21 (2). pp. 172-188. ISSN 1084-4791

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Whilst studies refer to the community impact of Organized Crime (OC), no survey currently exists to examine the views of those citizens who reside in areas where Organized Crime Groups (OCGs) proliferate. 431 questionnaires from households co-existing in high density OCGs areas were analysed in relation to: a) demographic information; b) views on the community and the police; and c) how they expected other residents to react to illegal incidents. Overall respondents thought the average citizen would refuse to intervene in 10% - 48% of illegal incidents, with the specific case influencing whether and how they would respond. The analysis then compared three communities who lived in high density OCG areas with a control community (n = 343). The ‘OCG’ communities were more likely to report low collective efficacy and were generally least likely to expect their neighbours to confront a crime in action. Conversely, whilst the control group showed higher levels of collective efficacy and expected the average resident to be more likely in confronting illegal behaviour, this trend did not extend to street drug dealing and serious crime associated with OC. The study discusses the unreported intimidation associated with OCGs and the challenges of policing hostile environments.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1602 Criminology
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology
Divisions: Justice Studies (from Sep 19)
Publisher: Springer
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 23 Apr 2020 11:07
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2021 07:25
DOI or ID number: 10.1007/s12117-017-9326-3
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/12799
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