Facial reconstruction

Search LJMU Research Online

Browse Repository | Browse E-Theses

Differentiation between athlete's heart and dilated cardiomyopathy in athletic individuals

Millar, LM, Fanton, Z, Finocchiaro, G, Sanchez-Fernandez, G, Dhutia, H, Malhotra, A, Merghani, A, Papadakis, M, Behr, ER, Bunce, N, Oxborough, D, Reed, M, O'Driscoll, J, Tome Esteban, MT, D'Silva, A, Carr-White, G, Webb, J, Sharma, R and Sharma, S (2020) Differentiation between athlete's heart and dilated cardiomyopathy in athletic individuals. Heart. ISSN 1355-6037

[img]
Preview
Text
Differentiation between Athlete’s Heart and Dilated Cardiomyopathy in Athletic Individuals..pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.

Download (218kB) | Preview

Abstract

Objective: Distinguishing early dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) from physiological left ventricular (LV) dilatation with LV ejection fraction <55% in athletes (grey zone) is challenging. We evaluated the role of a cascade of investigations to differentiate these two entities. Methods: Thirty-five asymptomatic active males with DCM, 25 male athletes in the 'grey zone' and 24 male athletes with normal LV ejection fraction underwent N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) measurement, ECG and exercise echocardiography. Grey-zone athletes and patients with DCM underwent cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) and Holter monitoring. Results: Larger LV cavity dimensions and lower LV ejection fraction were the only differences between grey-zone and control athletes. None of the grey-zone athletes had abnormal NT-proBNP, increased ectopic burden/complex arrhythmias or pathological late gadolinium enhancement on CMR. These features were also absent in 71%, 71% and 50% of patients with DCM, respectively. 95% of grey-zone athletes and 60% of patients with DCM had normal ECG. During exercise echocardiography, 96% grey-zone athletes increased LV ejection fraction by >11% from baseline to peak exercise compared with 23% of patients with DCM (p<0.0001). Peak LV ejection fraction was >63% in 92% grey-zone athletes compared with 17% patients with DCM (p<0.0001). Failure to increase LV ejection fraction >11% from baseline to peak exercise or achieve a peak LV ejection fraction >63% had sensitivity of 77% and 83%, respectively, and specificity of 96% and 92%, respectively, for predicting DCM. Conclusion: Comprehensive assessment using a cascade of routine investigations revealed that exercise stress echocardiography has the greatest discriminatory value in differentiating between grey-zone athletes and asymptomatic patients with DCM. Our findings require validation in larger studies. © Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2020. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1102 Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Sports & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group
Date Deposited: 11 May 2020 10:13
Last Modified: 11 May 2020 10:15
DOI or Identification number: 10.1136/heartjnl-2019-316147
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/12913

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item