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Sex Offences Perpetrated Against Older Adults: A Multivariate Analysis of Crime Scene Behaviors

Almond, L, Sainsbury, M and McManus, MA (2020) Sex Offences Perpetrated Against Older Adults: A Multivariate Analysis of Crime Scene Behaviors. Journal of Interpersonal Violence: concerned with the study and treatment of victims and perpetrators of physical and sexual violence, 37 (7-8). ISSN 0886-2605

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The aim of this study was to thematically explore the relationship between crime scene behaviors and background characteristics of offenders who commit sexual offences against female victims aged 60 years or more. Research and understanding of offence behaviours in this area is extremely limited, therefore, the study sought to provide a preliminary understanding and multivariate model of offence behaviours in cases where older female adults were sexually abused. Twenty-seven crime scene behaviours from 143 rape or attempted rape cases of an older adult victim were analysed, frequency data was computed to provide base rate information and Smallest Space Analysis provided a visual representation of the co-occurrence of crime scene behaviors. Three distinct dominant themes were identified in that 56% of offences displayed themes of Involvement (22%), Control (17%) and Hostility (16%). The relationship between each dominant theme and selected background characteristics was then analysed. For example, offenders displaying an Involvement theme were found to be significantly less likely to have prior convictions. Significance was also found in the relationship between dominant themes and a ‘theft and kindred offence other’ pre-conviction background characteristic. The findings demonstrate offending behavior can be separated into three distinct themes, providing an explanation of offender subtypes and supporting previous models found in other types of sexual offending. Applications for law enforcement agencies regarding identified themes and links with likely offender background characteristics are highlighted. Limitations and future research avenues are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1602 Criminology, 1607 Social Work, 1701 Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology
Divisions: Justice Studies (from Sep 19)
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Date Deposited: 18 May 2020 10:23
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2022 10:45
DOI or ID number: 10.1177/0886260520928639
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/12948
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