Facial reconstruction

Search LJMU Research Online

Browse Repository | Browse E-Theses

Assessing the role of a mammalian frugivorous species on seed germination potential depends on study design: A case study using wild samango monkeys.

Stringer, S, Hill, RA, Swanepoel, L, Dalrymple, SE, Linden, B and Koyama, NF Assessing the role of a mammalian frugivorous species on seed germination potential depends on study design: A case study using wild samango monkeys. Acta Oecologica. ISSN 1146-609X (Accepted)

[img] Text
Assessing the role of a mammalian frugivorous species on seed germination potential depends on study design A case study using wild samango monkeys..pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (1MB)

Abstract

Frugivory and seed dispersal contribute to the maintenance and regeneration of plant communities through transportation of seeds and enhancing germination through seed processing mechanisms. The effects of mammalian frugivore seed processing mechanisms on seed germination are generally well studied and the potential benefits include disinhibition (pulp removal), scarification (gut passage) and fertilisation (from faecal matrix). Nevertheless, our review found that there is bias in the comparative treatments included in seed dispersal studies through exclusion of entire fruit control groups and the fertiliser effect. In this study, we aimed to address such bias by using ecologically relevant experiments to investigate the influence of seed processing mechanisms on germination probability and latency of selected locally abundant fleshy-fruiting plant species, common in the diet of samango monkeys (Cercopithecus albogularis schwarzi), and who are seed-spitters (disinhibition) and seed-swallowers (gut-passage and fertiliser effects). We designed experiments to isolate the cumulative effects of seed processing mechanisms and tested the effects of five treatments and one control treatment (entire fruit). We further assessed if exclusion of ecologically relevant seed treatments or relevant controls would affect our interpretation of the impact of the disperser on seed germination. Comparing gut passage and disinhibition indicated negative effects, whereas comparing gut passage and entire fruit controls indicated neutral effects in one species. Compared with gut passage alone, the fertiliser effects indicated positive or neutral benefits on germination probability. Our study demonstrated that the impacts of mammalian frugivores on germination may be under- or over-estimated in ecological literature where relevant treatments and meaningful controls are excluded.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0602 Ecology
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history
Q Science > QL Zoology
Divisions: Biological & Environmental Sciences (new Sep 19)
Publisher: Elsevier
Date Deposited: 21 May 2020 11:34
Last Modified: 21 May 2020 11:45
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/12984

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item