Facial reconstruction

Search LJMU Research Online

Browse Repository | Browse E-Theses

The Effect Of Manipulating Individual Consequences And Training Demands On Experiences Of Pressure With Elite Disability Shooters

Stoker, M, Maynard, I, Butt, J, Hays, K and Hughes, P (2019) The Effect Of Manipulating Individual Consequences And Training Demands On Experiences Of Pressure With Elite Disability Shooters. Sport Psychologist, 33 (3). pp. 221-227. ISSN 1543-2793

[img]
Preview
Text
Effect of pressure training manipulations pressure.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (177kB) | Preview

Abstract

In previous research, multiple demands and consequences were manipulated simultaneously to examine methods for pressure training (Stoker et al., 2017). Building on literature, in this study a single demand or consequence stressor was manipulated in isolation. Specifically, in a matched, within-subject design, six international shooters (Mage = 28.67) performed a shooting task whilst exposed to a single demand (task, performer, environmental) or consequence (reward, forfeit, judgment) stressor. Perceived pressure, anxiety (intensity and direction), and performance was measured. Compared to baseline, manipulating demands did not affect pressure or anxiety. In contrast, pressure and cognitive anxiety significantly increased when judgment or forfeit consequence stressors were introduced. Thus, the findings lack support for manipulating demands but strongly support introducing consequences when pressure training. Compared to baseline, the judgment stressor also created debilitative anxiety. Hence, in terms of introducing a single stressor, judgment appeared most impactful and may be most effective for certain athlete populations.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Accepted author manuscript version reprinted, by permission, from Sport Psychologist, 2019,33(3): 221-227, https://doi.org/10.1123/tsp.2017-0045. © Human Kinetics, Inc
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology > HV697 Protection, assistance and relief > HV1551 People with disabilities
Divisions: Sports & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: Human Kinetics
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2020 13:19
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2020 10:45
DOI or Identification number: 10.1123/tsp.2017-0045
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/13095

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item