Facial reconstruction

Search LJMU Research Online

Browse Repository | Browse E-Theses

Observing the products of stellar evolution in the old open cluster M67 with APOGEE

Motta, CB, Salaris, M, Pasquali, A and Grebel, EK (2016) Observing the products of stellar evolution in the old open cluster M67 with APOGEE. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 466 (2). pp. 2161-2174. ISSN 0035-8711

[img]
Preview
Text
stw3252.pdf - Published Version

Download (2MB) | Preview

Abstract

© 2016 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society Recent works have shown how the [C/N] ratio in stars after the first dredge-up (FDU) can be used as an age estimator in virtue of its dependence on stellar mass. For this purpose, precise predictions of the surface chemical composition before and after the mixing takes place in the convective envelope of subgiant stars are necessary. Stellar evolution models can provide us with such predictions, although a comparison with objects of known age is needed for calibration. Open clusters are excellent test cases, as they represent a single stellar population for which the age can be derived through, e.g. isochrone fitting. In this study, we present a detailed analysis of stars belonging to the well-known open cluster M67 observed by the Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment (APOGEE) survey in the twelfth data release of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey and whose chemical properties were derived with the APOGEE Stellar Parameters and Chemical Abundances Pipeline. We find that the [C/N] abundance of subgiant branch stars is overestimated by ∼0.2 dex due to an offset in the determination of the [N/Fe] abundance. Stars on the red giant branch and red clump are shown not to be affected by this offset. We derive [C/N]FDU = −0.46 ± 0.03 dex, which poses a strong constraint on calibrations of [C/N]FDU as age indicator. We also do not find any clear signature of additional chemical mixing processes that set in after the red giant branch bump. The results obtained for M67 indicate the importance of conducting high-resolution spectroscopic studies of open clusters of different ages in order to establish an accurate age-dating method for field stars.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©2016 Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0201 Astronomical and Space Sciences
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2020 14:18
Last Modified: 16 Jun 2020 14:30
DOI or Identification number: 10.1093/mnras/stw3252
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/13101

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item