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The genetic profile of elite youth soccer players and its association with power and speed depends on maturity status

Murtagh, CF, Brownlee, T, Rienzi, E, Roquero, S, Moreno, S, Huertas, G, Lugioratto, G, Baumert, P, Turner, DC, Lee, D, Dickinson, P, Lyon, KA, Sheikhsaraf, B, Biyik, B, O'Boyle, A, Morgans, R, Massey, A, Drust, B and Erskine, RM (2020) The genetic profile of elite youth soccer players and its association with power and speed depends on maturity status. PLoS One. ISSN 1932-6203

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Abstract

We investigated the association of multiple single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with athlete status and power/speed performance in elite male youth soccer players (ESP) and control participants (CON) at different stages of maturity. ESP (n = 535; aged 8–23 years) and CON (n = 151; aged 9–26 years) were genotyped for 10 SNPs and grouped according to years from predicted peak-height-velocity (PHV), i.e. pre- or post-PHV, to determine maturity status. Participants performed bilateral vertical countermovement jumps, bilateral horizontal-forward countermovement jumps, 20m sprints and modified 505-agility tests. Compared to CON, pre-PHV ESP demonstrated a higher ACTN3 (rs1815739) XX (‘endurance’) genotype frequency distribution, while post-PHV ESP revealed a higher frequency distribution of the PPARA (rs4253778) C-allele, AGT (rs699) GG genotype and NOS3 (rs2070744) T-allele (‘power’ genotypes/alleles). BDNF (rs6265) CC, COL5A1 (rs12722) CC and NOS3 TT homozygotes sprinted quicker than A-allele carriers, CT heterozygotes and CC homozygotes, respectively. COL2A1 (rs2070739) CC and AMPD1 (rs17602729) GG homozygotes sprinted faster than their respective minor allele carrier counterparts in CON and pre-PHV ESP, respectively. BDNF CC homozygotes jumped further than T-allele carriers, while ESP COL5A1 CC homozygotes jumped higher than TT homozygotes. To conclude, we have shown for the first time that pre- and post-PHV ESP have distinct genetic profiles, with pre-PHV ESP more suited for endurance, and post-PHV ESP for power and speed (the latter phenotypes being crucial attributes for post-PHV ESP). We have also demonstrated that power, acceleration and sprint performance were associated with five SNPs, both individually and in combination, possibly by influencing muscle size and neuromuscular activation.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Sports & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2020 11:21
Last Modified: 23 Jun 2020 11:30
DOI or Identification number: 10.1371/journal.pone.0234458
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/13169

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