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General Torque Enhancement Approach for a Nine-Phase Surface PMSM with Built-in Fault Tolerance

Slunjski, M, Stiscia, O, Jones, M and Levi, E (2020) General Torque Enhancement Approach for a Nine-Phase Surface PMSM with Built-in Fault Tolerance. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 68 (8). pp. 6412-6423. ISSN 0278-0046

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The paper investigates maximum possible torque improvement in a two-pole surface permanent magnet synchronous machine (PMSM) with a reduced magnet span, which causes production of highly non-sinusoidal back-EMF. It contains a high third and fifth harmonics, which can be used for the torque enhancement, using stator current harmonic injection. Optimal magnet span is studied first and it is shown that with such a value the machine would be able to develop an insignificantly lower maximum torque than with the full magnet span. Next, field-oriented control (FOC) algorithm, which considers all non-fundamental EMF components lower than the machine phase number, is devised. Using maximum-torque per Ampere (MTPA) principles, optimal ratios between fundamental and all other injected components are calculated and then used in the drive control. The output torque can be in this way increased up to 45% with respect to the one obtainable with fundamental current only. Alternatively, for the same load torque, stator current RMS value can be reduced by 45%. Last but not least, a method for position sensor fault mitigation is introduced. It is based on the alternative use of a back-EMF harmonic for rotor position estimation, instead of the torque enhancement. Experimental verification is provided throughout for all the relevant aspects.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2020 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Uncontrolled Keywords: 08 Information and Computing Sciences, 09 Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics. Nuclear engineering
Divisions: Electronics & Electrical Engineering (merged with Engineering 10 Aug 20)
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Date Deposited: 24 Jun 2020 09:06
Last Modified: 19 Aug 2022 10:45
DOI or ID number: 10.1109/TIE.2020.3007053
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/13171
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