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Urban Water Demand Prediction for a City that Suffers from Climate Change and Population Growth: Gauteng Province case study

Zubaidi, S, Ortega Martorell, S, Al-Bugharbee, H, Olier-Caparroso, I, Hashim, KS, Gharghan, SK, Kot, P and Al Khaddar, RM Urban Water Demand Prediction for a City that Suffers from Climate Change and Population Growth: Gauteng Province case study. Water. ISSN 2073-4441 (Accepted)

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Abstract

The proper management of municipal water system is essential to sustain cities and support water security of societies. Urban water estimating has always been a challenging task for managers of water utilities and policymakers. This paper applies a novel methodology that includes data pre-processing and Artificial Neural Network (ANN) optimized with Backtracking Search Algorithm (BSA-ANN) to estimate monthly water demand in relation to previous water consumption. Historical data of monthly water consumption in the Gauteng Province, South Africa, for the period 2007–2016, were selected for the creation and evaluation of the methodology. Data pre-processing techniques played a crucial role in the enhancing of the quality of the data before creating the prediction model. The BSA-ANN model yielded the best result with a root mean square error and a coefficient of efficiency of 0.0099 mega liters and 0.979, respectively. Also, it proved more efficient and reliable than the Crow Search Algorithm (CSA-ANN), based on the scale of error. Overall, this paper presents a new application for the hybrid model BSA-ANN that can be successfully used to predict water demand with high accuracy, in a city that heavily suffers from the impact of climate change and population growth.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Divisions: Applied Mathematics (merged with Comp Sci 10 Aug 20)
Civil Engineering (merged with Built Env 10 Aug 20)
Publisher: MDPI AG
Date Deposited: 26 Jun 2020 10:49
Last Modified: 26 Jun 2020 11:00
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/13194

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