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The Development and Validation of a new Multidimensional Test Anxiety Scale (MTAS)

Putwain, DW, von der Embse, NP, Rainbird, E and West, G (2020) The Development and Validation of a new Multidimensional Test Anxiety Scale (MTAS). European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 37. pp. 236-246. ISSN 1015-5759

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Although test anxiety has a long history in the educational and psychological literature there is a lack of census over its dimensionality. The aim of the present study was to clarify the dimensionality of test anxiety and develop a new instrument to reflect this dimensionality. Across two empirical studies we tested and refined a new multidimensional instrument comprising of two cognitive dimensions (Worry and Cognitive Interference) and two affective-physiological dimensions (Tension and Physiological Indicators). In both studies four-correlated-factors and higher-order models showed a good fit to the data. Test anxiety was positively related to an existing test anxiety measure (the Test Anxiety Inventory) and an elevated risk of mental health problems, and negatively related to school wellbeing and examination performance. This new instrument will prove a welcome addition for practitioners, to assist in the identification of highly test anxious students who may require support or intervention, and test anxiety researchers.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This version of the article may not completely replicate the final authoritative version published in European Journal of Psychological Assessment at https://doi.org/10.1027/1015-5759/a000604 It is not the version of record and is therefore not suitable for citation. Please do not copy or cite without the permission of the author(s).”
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1701 Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
L Education > L Education (General)
Divisions: Education
Publisher: Hogrefe
Date Deposited: 01 Jul 2020 09:17
Last Modified: 19 Aug 2022 11:00
DOI or ID number: 10.1027/1015-5759/a000604
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/13215
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