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Motivational differences between 5K, half marathon and full marathon participants in the UK and India.

Whitehead, AE, Umeh, FK, Brockett, C, Westerbeek, H, Powling, E, Fitton Davies, K and Rudd, J Motivational differences between 5K, half marathon and full marathon participants in the UK and India. Managing Sport and Leisure. ISSN 2375-0472 (Accepted)

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Abstract

Purpose: There is a lack of research in the motivational differences of runners engaging in differing distance events and in different countries. Therefore, this study compares participant motives of 5K, half marathon and full marathon runners registered in a UK and an Indian event; comparisons between nations were conducted. Method: 1022 participants completed an adapted version of the Motivation of Marathons Scales (Masters, Ogles, & Jolton, 1993), 431 from a UK event and 591 from an Indian event. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and exploratory factor analysis (EFA) were used to identify an improved factorial solution for the data. Multivariate analysis was performed to assess differences in event type (5K, Half, Full) across five latent motivational constructs: social, physical fitness, self-esteem, achievement in competition, and physical health. Nationality, gender, age, employment status, and educational level were treated as moderating factors, or covariates. Results: 5K runners scored higher than half and full marathon runners in the self-esteem, physical fitness, and achievement motives. Males scored higher on the achievement motive. The Indian sample scored higher than the UK sample in social motives. Practical implications: considerations for event organisers are discussed. Research contribution: new findings underpinned by SDT across running event and country.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure > GV561 Sports
Divisions: Psychology (new Sep 2019)
Sports & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Date Deposited: 02 Jul 2020 08:50
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2020 09:00
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/13220

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