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Distinguishing Factors that Influence Attendance and Behaviour Change in Family-based Treatment of Childhood Obesity: a Qualitative Study

Watson, PM, Dugill, L, Pickering, K, Hargreaves, J, Staniford, LJ, Owen, S, Murphy, RC, Knowles, ZR, Johnson, LJ and Cable, NT (2020) Distinguishing Factors that Influence Attendance and Behaviour Change in Family-based Treatment of Childhood Obesity: a Qualitative Study. British Journal of Health Psychology. ISSN 1359-107X

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Abstract

Objectives: For the effective treatment of childhood obesity, intervention attendance and behaviour change at home are both important. The purpose of this study was to qualitatively explore influences on attendance and behaviour change during a family-based intervention to treat childhood obesity in the North-West of England ([INT]).
Design: Focus groups with children and parents/carers as part of a broader mixed-methods evaluation.
Methods: 18 focus groups were conducted with children (n=39, 19 boys) and parents/carers (n=34, 5 male) to explore their experiences of [INT] after 6 weeks of attendance (/18 weeks). Data were analysed thematically to identify influences on attendance and behaviour change.
Results: Initial attendance came about through targeted referral (from healthcare professionals and letters in school) and was influenced by motivations for a brighter future. Once at [INT], it was the fun, non-judgemental healthy lifestyle approach that encouraged continued attendance. Factors that facilitated behaviour change included participatory learning as a family, being accountable and gradual realistic goal-setting, whilst challenges focussed on fears about the intervention ending and a lack of support from non-attending significant others.
Conclusions: Factors that influence attendance and behaviour change are distinct and may be important at different stages of the family’s change process. For optimal intervention effectiveness, practitioners should identify specific strategies to encourage initial attendance, continued attendance, initial behaviour change and sustained behaviour change.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1117 Public Health and Health Services, 1608 Sociology, 1701 Psychology
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ101 Child Health. Child health services
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: Wiley
Date Deposited: 10 Jul 2020 10:54
Last Modified: 05 Aug 2020 08:45
DOI or Identification number: 10.1111/bjhp.12456
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/13283

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