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The population genomics of archaeological transition in west Iberia: Investigation of ancient substructure using imputation and haplotype-based methods

Martiniano, R, Cassidy, LM, O'Maolduin, R, McLaughlin, R, Silva, NM, Manco, L, Fidalgo, D, Pereira, T, Coelho, MJ, Serra, M, Burger, J, Parreira, R, Moran, E, Valera, AC, Porfirio, E, Boaventura, R, Silva, AM and Bradley, DG (2017) The population genomics of archaeological transition in west Iberia: Investigation of ancient substructure using imputation and haplotype-based methods. PLOS GENETICS, 13 (7). ISSN 1553-7404

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Abstract

We analyse new genomic data (0.05–2.95x) from 14 ancient individuals from Portugal distributed from the Middle Neolithic (4200–3500 BC) to the Middle Bronze Age (1740–1430 BC) and impute genomewide diploid genotypes in these together with published ancient Eurasians. While discontinuity is evident in the transition to agriculture across the region, sensitive haplotype-based analyses suggest a significant degree of local hunter-gatherer contribution to later Iberian Neolithic populations. A more subtle genetic influx is also apparent in the Bronze Age, detectable from analyses including haplotype sharing with both ancient and modern genomes, D-statistics and Y-chromosome lineages. However, the limited nature of this introgression contrasts with the major Steppe migration turnovers within third Millennium northern Europe and echoes the survival of non-Indo-European language in Iberia. Changes in genomic estimates of individual height across Europe are also associated with these major cultural transitions, and ancestral components continue to correlate with modern differences in stature.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0604 Genetics
Subjects: C Auxiliary Sciences of History > CC Archaeology
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
Divisions: Biological & Environmental Sciences (new Sep 19)
Publisher: PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 15 Jul 2020 15:40
Last Modified: 15 Jul 2020 15:40
DOI or Identification number: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1006852
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/13314

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