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Genomic signals of migration and continuity in Britain before the Anglo-Saxons

Martiniano, R, Caffell, A, Holst, M, Hunter-Mann, K, Montgomery, J, Mueldner, G, McLaughlin, RL, Teasdale, MD, van Rheenen, W, Veldink, JH, van den Berg, LH, Hardiman, O, Carroll, M, Roskams, S, Oxley, J, Morgan, C, Thomas, MG, Barnes, I, McDonnell, C, Collins, MJ and Bradley, DG (2016) Genomic signals of migration and continuity in Britain before the Anglo-Saxons. NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, 7. ISSN 2041-1723

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Abstract

The purported migrations that have formed the peoples of Britain have been the focus of generations of scholarly controversy. However, this has not benefited from direct analyses of ancient genomes. Here we report nine ancient genomes (∼1 ×) of individuals from northern Britain: seven from a Roman era York cemetery, bookended by earlier Iron-Age and later Anglo-Saxon burials. Six of the Roman genomes show affinity with modern British Celtic populations, particularly Welsh, but significantly diverge from populations from Yorkshire and other eastern English samples. They also show similarity with the earlier Iron-Age genome, suggesting population continuity, but differ from the later Anglo-Saxon genome. This pattern concords with profound impact of migrations in the Anglo-Saxon period. Strikingly, one Roman skeleton shows a clear signal of exogenous origin, with affinities pointing towards the Middle East, confirming the cosmopolitan character of the Empire, even at its northernmost fringes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Science & Technology; Multidisciplinary Sciences; Science & Technology - Other Topics; WIDE ASSOCIATION; ANCIENT DNA; ANCESTRY; SEQUENCE; PHYLOGEOGRAPHY; IDENTIFICATION; COLOR; RISK
Subjects: C Auxiliary Sciences of History > CC Archaeology
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
Divisions: Biological & Environmental Sciences (new Sep 19)
Publisher: NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2020 09:41
Last Modified: 16 Jul 2020 09:41
DOI or Identification number: 10.1038/ncomms10326
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/13316

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