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Early farmers from across Europe directly descended from Neolithic Aegeans

Hofmanova, Z, Kreutzer, S, Hellenthal, G, Sell, C, Diekmann, Y, Diez-del-Molino, D, van Dorp, L, Lopez, S, Kousathanas, A, Link, V, Kirsanow, K, Cassidy, LM, Martiniano, R, Strobel, M, Scheu, A, Kotsakis, K, Halstead, P, Triantaphyllou, S, Kyparissi-Apostolika, N, Urem-Kotsou, D , Ziota, C, Adaktylou, F, Gopalan, S, Bobo, DM, Winkelbach, L, Bloecher, J, Unterlaender, M, Leuenberger, C, Cilingiroglu, C, Horejs, B, Gerritsen, F, Shennan, SJ, Bradley, DG, Currat, M, Veeramah, KR, Wegmann, D, Thomas, MG, Papageorgopoulou, C and Burger, J (2016) Early farmers from across Europe directly descended from Neolithic Aegeans. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 113 (25). pp. 6886-6891. ISSN 0027-8424

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Abstract

Farming and sedentism first appeared in southwestern Asia during the early Holocene and later spread to neighboring regions, including Europe, along multiple dispersal routes. Conspicuous uncertainties remain about the relative roles of migration, cultural diffusion, and admixture with local foragers in the early Neolithization of Europe. Here we present paleogenomic data for five Neolithic individuals from northern Greece and northwestern Turkey spanning the time and region of the earliest spread of farming into Europe. We use a novel approach to recalibrate raw reads and call genotypes from ancient DNA and observe striking genetic similarity both among Aegean early farmers and with those from across Europe. Our study demonstrates a direct genetic link between Mediterranean and Central European early farmers and those of Greece and Anatolia, extending the European Neolithic migratory chain all the way back to southwestern Asia.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Science & Technology; Multidisciplinary Sciences; Science & Technology - Other Topics; paleogenomics; Neolithic; Mesolithic; Greece; Anatolia; SEQUENCING DATA; ADMIXTURE; POPULATION; GENOMES; PHENOTYPE; EURASIANS; EVOLUTION; SELECTION; ANCESTRY; ALLELES
Subjects: C Auxiliary Sciences of History > CB History of civilization
C Auxiliary Sciences of History > CC Archaeology
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
Divisions: Biological & Environmental Sciences (new Sep 19)
Publisher: NATL ACAD SCIENCES
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2020 09:48
Last Modified: 16 Jul 2020 10:00
DOI or Identification number: 10.1073/pnas.1523951113
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/13318

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