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Modelling the Type Ic SN 2004aw: a moderately energetic explosion of a massive C plus O star without a GRB

Mazzali, PA, Sauer, DN, Pian, E, Deng, J, Prentice, S, Ben Ami, S, Taubenberger, S and Nomoto, K (2017) Modelling the Type Ic SN 2004aw: a moderately energetic explosion of a massive C plus O star without a GRB. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 469 (2). pp. 2498-2508. ISSN 0035-8711

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Abstract

An analysis of the Type Ic supernova (SN) 2004aw is performed by means of models of the photospheric and nebular spectra and of the bolometric light curve. SN 2004aw is shown not to be ‘broad-lined’, contrary to previous claims, but rather a ‘fast-lined’ SN Ic. The spectral resemblance to the narrow-lined Type Ic SN 1994I, combined with the strong nebular [O I] emission and the broad light curve, points to a moderately energetic explosion of a massive C+O star. The ejected 56Ni mass is ≈0.20 M⊙. The ejecta mass as constrained by the models is ∼3–5 M⊙, while the kinetic energy is estimated as EK ∼3–6 × 1051 erg. The ratio EK/M⊙, the specific energy that influences the shape of the spectrum, is therefore ≈1. The corresponding zero-age main-sequence mass of the progenitor star may have been ∼23–28 M⊙. Tests show that a flatter outer density structure may have caused a broad-lined spectrum at epochs before those observed without affecting the later epochs when data are available, implying that our estimate of EK is a lower limit. SN 2004aw may have been powered by either a collapsar or a magnetar, both of which have been proposed for gamma-ray burst SNe. Evidence for this is seen in the innermost layers, which appear to be highly aspherical as suggested by the nebular line profiles. However, any engine was not extremely powerful, as the outer ejecta are more consistent with a spherical explosion and no gamma-ray burst was detected in coincidence with SN 2004aw.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©:2017 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0201 Astronomical and Space Sciences
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 30 Jul 2020 10:08
Last Modified: 30 Jul 2020 10:15
DOI or Identification number: 10.1093/mnras/stx992
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/13413

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