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Adolescents' Alcohol Use in Botellon and Attitudes towards Alcohol Use and Prevention Policies

Gervilla, E, Quigg, Z, Duch, M, Juan, M and Guimaraes, C (2020) Adolescents' Alcohol Use in Botellon and Attitudes towards Alcohol Use and Prevention Policies. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17 (11). ISSN 1660-4601

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Abstract

Alcohol is a common drug misused by young people worldwide. Previous studies have found that attitudes towards heavy consumption are stronger predictors than general norms concerning alcohol. This study aims to explore adolescents’ alcohol use and drunkenness, to understand adolescents’ attitudes towards alcohol use, drunkenness and prevention approaches, and to explore associations between attitudes and personal alcohol use and demographics. Methods: Cross-sectional face-to-face survey of 410 adolescents (61.2% women) who were socializing at night in the streets of Palma (Spain). Breath Alcohol Concentration (BrAC), self-reported measures of alcohol use and social variables were assessed. Results: 70.7% of respondents had a BrAC score higher than 0. The full sample reported having a mean of 3.9 drunk episodes in the last month, and a mean of 7.34 in Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT). A total of 30.7% were under the minimum age limit for alcohol drinking in Spain and males showed higher BrAC than females. Bivariate analyses identified some differences in attitudes across participant demographics and personal alcohol use. In conclusion, we found high levels of alcohol use and drunkenness amongst adolescents, and adolescents’ attitudes towards drunkenness and prevention approaches were associated with their alcohol consumption as well as with age.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Science & Technology; Life Sciences & Biomedicine; Environmental Sciences; Public, Environmental & Occupational Health; Environmental Sciences & Ecology; alcohol; adolescent; breath alcohol concentration; drunkenness; attitudes; intoxication; prevention policies; DRINKING PATTERNS; PUBLIC-OPINION; SELF-EFFICACY; PREDICTORS; EXPECTANCIES; COLLEGE; NORMS; DRINKERS; BEHAVIOR
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine > RA0440 Study and Teaching. Research
Divisions: Public Health Institute
Publisher: MDPI AG
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 07 Aug 2020 12:55
Last Modified: 07 Aug 2020 13:00
DOI or Identification number: 10.3390/ijerph17113885
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/13472

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