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Influence of Using High Volume Fraction of Silica Fume on Mechanical and Durability Properties of Cement Mortar

Nasr, MS, Hussain, T, Kubba, H and Shubbar, AAF (2020) Influence of Using High Volume Fraction of Silica Fume on Mechanical and Durability Properties of Cement Mortar. Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, 15 (4). pp. 2494-2506. ISSN 1823-4690

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The high pollution caused by CO2 emission and the high level of energy consumed during cement manufacturing led the researchers to look for alternative techniques to reduce these environmental effects. One of these techniques includes reducing the content of cement in the mix by replacing it with supplementary cementitious materials such as fly ash, slag, silica fume, and so on. Many previous studies dealt with the utilizing of the high volume of supplementary cementitious materials, such as fly ash and slag. However, limited studies investigated the impact of silica fume on mortar or concrete properties in percentages of more than 30%. Thus, to produce environmentally friendly concrete, this study was performed to investigate the effect of the high replacement level of cement with silica fume on the properties of cement mortar. Six replacement proportions of silica fume (0%, 30%, 40%, 50%, 60% and 70%) were used in this paper. This paper used the flow rate, compressive strength, water absorption, bulk density and volume of permeable voids tests to test the effect of silica fume on different mortar characteristics. The results indicated that the best mixture among all other mixes was found by 50% substitution of silica fume. At this percentage, an enhancement in compressive strength of nearly 83%, 74% and 75% at 7, 28 and 56 days, respectively and an improvement in water absorption resistance by 8% compared to the control mixture were achieved.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Civil Engineering & Built Environment
Publisher: Taylor's University
Date Deposited: 17 Aug 2020 12:49
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2021 06:48
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/13501
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